For the 16th International Architecture Exhibition of La Biennale di Venezia, the U.S. Pavilion, commissioned by the School of the Art Institute of Chicago (SAIC) and The University of Chicago (UChicago) of Educational and Cultural Affairs, presents Dimensions of Citizenship
. The exhibition challenges architects and designers to envision what it means to be a citizen today, as critical contemporary issues expand conventional notions of citizenship.
The U.S. Pavilion curators Niall Atkinson, Associate Professor in the Department of Art History and the College at UChicago; Ann Lui, Assistant Professor at SAIC; Mimi Zeiger, an independent critic, editor, curator, and educator; and associate curator Iker Gil, Lecturer at SAIC invited seven transdisciplinary teams to represent the United States at the Biennale Architettura 2018. The teams, which include architects, landscape architects, theorists, and artists, have each been asked to grapple with the potential meanings and architectural implications of citizenship at a different scale. Their works use design to unpack contemporary social, political, economic, and environmental issues, including the meaning of home, the right to public space, the uses of civic monuments, the dynamics of borderlands, and the conditions of global migration. What becomes clear in each immersive installation is the need for architecture to respond to and shape spaces of citizenship at all scales, today and in the future.
The seven scales and commissioned participants are:
Citizen | Amanda Williams + Andres L. Hernandez, in collaboration with Shani Crowe. Installed in the U.S. Pavilions courtyard, Thrival Geographies (In My Mind I See a Line) explores issues of race, fugitivity, and public space. Made of steel and hand-braided cord, it illustrates ideas of black spatial practice and points toward a liberatory architecture inclusive of all citizens.
Civitas |Studio Gang. Memphis Landing, a cobblestone-paved landing on the Mississippi River that served as the citys historic port, provides the basis for Stone Stories. As part of a larger design process, the project transports hundreds of the sites cobblestones to Venice to explore how the Landing could become a site of civic memory that represents many citizen voices, past and present.
Region | SCAPE. Ecological Citizens uses the Venetian Lagoon as a globally significant case study of a region under threat and argues for the politics and practice of ecological activism to generate new regional landscapes of the future. The intertidal architectural artifacts on view such as sediment fences and biodegradable coir logs represent bio-reclamation tools for citizen-led responses to climate change.
Nation | Estudio Teddy Cruz + Fonna Forman. Challenging the way we think about national boundaries, MEXUS: A Geography of Interdependence presents a mural-sized visualization of the watersheds, indigenous lands, ecological corridors, and migratory patterns that straddle the political border between Mexico and the United States, suggesting an alternative transborder commons based not on physical division but shared assets and cooperative opportunities.
Globe | Diller Scofidio + Renfro, Laura Kurgan, Robert Gerard Pietrusko with Columbia Center for Spatial Research. In Plain Sight reveals anomalies and the consequent perils at the core of this binary world view. Visitors are shown places in the world with many people and no lights, and those with bright lights and no people, and are suspended between day and night and light and darknessexposed to the political and social realities of being invisible in plain sight.
Network | Keller Easterling with MANY. The MANY platform proposes to facilitate migration through an exchange of needs. Favoring cosmopolitan mobility over citizenship, it more robustly networks short-term visas and suggests that cities can bargain with their underexploited spaces to attract a changing influx of talent and resourcesmatching their needs with the needs of mobile people to generate mutual benefits.
Cosmos | Design Earth. Cosmorama presents three geo-storiesMining the Sky, Planetary Ark, and Pacific Cemeterythat speculate on the legal geography of citizenship and ask how we should reckon with the epic and frontier narratives that have fueled space exploration and projects for off-planet settlement.
SAIC President Elissa Tenny said, At the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, we are keenly aware of the responsibility of artists and designers to explore pressing issues such as the politics of belonging, and to generate new ideas that underscore our common humanity. SAIC and our Department of Architecture, Interior Architecture, and Designed Objects (AIADO) have a history of embracing this challenge, pursuing urgent questions across disciplines with distinguished peers such as The University of Chicago and at major international forums. We are enormously proud to commission the U.S. Pavilion at the Biennale Architettura 2018, which is one of the most important architectural events in the world.
The arts at the University of Chicago embrace a commitment to experimental scholarship with global impact and engagement with distinctive architecture, said Robert J. Zimmer, president of the University of Chicago. La Biennale di Venezia provides an opportunity to collaborate with the School of the Art Institute of Chicago on an exhibition that presents the American architectural imagination at its best, and dramatizes how that imagination connects to the question of citizenship, a question of urgency around the globe. We are deeply grateful for the support of this project by the U.S. Department of States Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs.
In addition to the commissioned works, the Transit Screening Lounge in the rotunda of the U.S. Pavilion presents five recent film and video works that explore citizenship via poetic, speculative, and narrative approaches. The works by artists, designers, and filmmakers include:
Afronauts (2014) by Frances Bodomo
Cosmic Generator (2017) by Mika Rottenberg
Dark Fiber (2015) by David Rueter and Marissa Lee Benedict
Exodus (2012) by Mandana Moghaddam
Where the City Cant See (2016) by Liam Young
Dimensionsofcitizenship.org, the dedicated digital platform created for the 2018 U.S. Pavilion, is a resource for both Biennale Architettura 2018 visitors and a broader general public. It acts as a hub for participation and dialogues from diverse global voices, and acts as a unique resource about the exhibition as well as topics related to citizenship. Dimensionsofcitizenship.org also features Dimensions of Citizenships public programming event calendar, expanded content from each participant, in-depth essays by renowned scholars on citizenship across the seven scales, and enable people to seek new ideas, stories, and engagement from a diversity of voices. The series "Form N-X00: New Forms for Citizenship developed by the curatorial team expands the notion of citizenship with contributions from invited guests, who live and work around the world, that respond to contemporary understandings of citizenship.