NEW YORK, NY.- Sapar Contemporary
is presenting Abstracting Materiality, a two-person painting exhibition of Wyn-Lyn Tan (Singapore) and Roya Farassat (Iran/US). In the work of Wyn-Lyn Tan and Roya Farassat, tornadoes, horizons, and faces emerge and disappear, with the tension between recognition and mirage building as one moves among sets of their works and each others. For both artists, a dialogue between representation and abstraction is at the fore of their practice, with each transforming echoes of material reality into independent worldviews created by layer upon layer of paint.
Through their wide-ranging cultural and intellectual biographies, Tan and Farassat imagine the ends and range of Asia, stretching physically and conceptually from the borders of northern Finland to central Singapore, and across Iran and China, while still holding geography as a construct and itself an abstraction. Singapore-based Tan studied traditional Chinese painting as a corollary to her primary education in Western art, and later began extensive travels to remote Scandinavia, including to the Arctic Circle. There, in the ever-present horizon near the North Pole, she noticed affinities between the Romantic sublime and the spare aesthetics of Chinese landscapes, and created a visual vocabulary that connects her experience in two seemingly dissonant places. Even while working in Singapore, Tan creates a physical connection to site and, perhaps unexpectedly, to nature; the series I See Mountains (2018) is painted on reclaimed tropical wood that the city-state would have otherwise discarded (the material transformation, too, a visual and semiological abstraction).
Farassat, who was born and raised in Iran and works in New York, references decoration and ornament in her work, quoting and challenging the cultural expectations of her heritage through the planar and geometric forms seen in the landscapes in Abstracting Materiality. In earlier bodies of work, this tension was more explicit as she humorously adapted compositions familiar from the history of imperial Persian painting, with ornamental elements framing abstracted but legible portraits.
Both Tan and Farassat engage painterly gesture and approach abstraction to consider subjects seen and felt in the material world. They diverge, however, in that Tans process can be characterized as subtractive, while Farassats is additive. Tans large-scale canvases are composed of five to nine layers of acrylic wash and are developed horizontally, their ground on the ground. As Tan moves around the canvases, she paints one mark, and after a pause removes the same with a clean brush, the final trace a ghost of the relationship between creation and erasure. Reoriented to the wall, Tans technical and rhythmic improvisation and the intimacy of her hand are simultaneously revealed. Midnight (2018) moves between inky darkness and translucent light, with an absence of form privileging the act of mark making and seeming to define the works positive and negative spaces.Navigating Malachite (2018) alludes somewhat more overtly to a landscape-like horizon, while remaining defined principally by the rich color of the works title. Together, however, the two works suggest a slippage between image and illusion, each enriching the others ambiguity through the primacy of gesture.
Farassats gestures move people, places, and moments from naturalism towards their perceptual center. Her oil-based works are heavy with layers of paint, taking on an almost sculptural dimensionality. In Night (2018) a large shadow fills the center of the canvas, evoking the feeling of a boat meeting a dock in darkness, while Untitled, from the series Pilgrimage (2018) uses a related manner to suggest the movement and residue of a tornado across a verdant landscape. Untitled 2, from the series Samsara (2018) extends Farassats conception of abstraction further by inserting a small landscape onto what would be the horizon line of a geometric composition, a quotation of another ongoing body of her landscape paintings at postcard scale.
Farassats series The Forgotten Children (2013-14) complements her approach to landscape by privileging key and sometimes exaggerated features to create personalities rather than portraits. Forming a family of disaffected characters, these range from descriptive to impressionistic. Staring Eyes, for example,looks at us to express a sense of melancholy, while the edges of the head seen in The Other Side bleed into the background as he looks on.
While on first viewing, Tan and Farassats works may lean in one direction towards or away from abstraction, closer looking betrays initial judgment to hold their works in an uncategorized dialogical tension. In their references to landscape, to nature and its forces, and to the personalities inhabiting the world around us, both artists invite a discernment of process and material, together forming new perspectives of painting that reference the world across Asia and New York today.