CHIDDINGLY.- Farleys House & Gallery
is presenting Lee Miller: Fashion in Wartime Britain. The exhibition explores the under recognised body of fashion photography made by the renowned surrealist photographer during the Second World War. It features over 60 of Millers images for British Vogue from 1939 to early 1944, many of which have never been seen before. The exhibition is accompanied by a major new publication, featuring over 100 recently archived images.
This important aspect of Lee Millers wartime work has previously been overshadowed by her role as a front line correspondent in the final years of the war. New research, undertaken for the exhibition and book, on Millers wartime diaries has uncovered the sheer volume of editorial shoots for British Vouge that she worked on for most of the early 1940s. Despite paper rationing, British Vogue was kept in print throughout the war under the influential editorship of Audrey Withers and was seen as an opportunity by the British government to encourage women to join the war effort. Its pages were transformed into a guide for soldiers without guns, whilst continuing to advise on fashion and how to make the most of what was available in spite of clothes rationing, which was introduced in 1941. Millers fashion output was so prolific that in 1941, Withers described just how important Miller was to the publication: she has borne the whole weight of our studio production through the most difficult period in Brogues [British Vogues] history.
Photographs on display provide insight into the prevailing fashions of the day, from factory wear to evening gowns and suits by famed designers including Norman Hartnell, Digby Morton, Hardy Amies and Bianca Mosca, one of the few female fashion designers from the period. Despite the difficult wartime conditions, Lee used her surrealist eye and technical skills in the art direction of her photographs and often took models out of the studio to museums, a taxidermy shop and onto the streets. Most notably she photographed broadcaster Elizabeth Cowell, one of the first female television announcers, against a backdrop of bombed out houses in London.
In 1940 during the early days of the war Lee wrote to her parents, describing the immense difficulty of shooting during the Blitz and the teams perseverance: the studio never missed a day bombed once and fired twice working with the neighbouring buildings still smouldering the horrid smell of wet charred wood the stink of cordite the fire hoses still up the staircases and we had to wade bare foot to get in little restaurants producing food on a primus stove carrying water to flush toilets and whoever could, taking the prints and negs home to do at night if they had the sacred combination of gas, electricity and water.
The exhibition is accompanied by a lavishly illustrated coffee table book, featuring over 100 photographs, published by Lee Miller Archives, with contributions from Robin Muir, Contributing Editor to Vogue, fashion historian Amber Butchart and introduction by Lee Millers granddaughter Ami Bouhassane.
A six-part podcast exploring British fashion during the Second World War launched in conjunction with the book on 26 March 2021. Presented by Ami Bouhassane guest speakers include Amber Butchart, Robin Muir, Hilary Roberts, Head Curator of Photography at the Imperial War Museums, London and Julie Summers, biographer of Audrey Withers.