Around 200 works by 75 artists illustrate the (amazing) variety of Modernist and contemporary art production in the most comprehensive exhibition of the Würth Collection to date in Austria.
The Würth Collection is among the largest private collections in Europe and one of the most eminent art collections worldwide. The collector Prof. Reinhold Würth gave the Leopold Museum
s Director Hans-Peter Wipplinger carte blanche to choose around 200 masterpieces from the collections approximately 19,000 works for the exhibition AMAZING. The Würth Collection at the Leopold Museum. The presentation invites visitors to embark on a unique journey through more than 100 years of art history. One emphasis within the presentation of the collection is on Classical Modernism, showcasing highlight works by Edvard Munch, Pablo Picasso, Max Liebermann, Gabriele Münter, Max Beckmann, Max Pechstein and Hans Arp. Another focus is on contemporary art, represented with works by Fernando Botero, Per Kirkeby, the married artist couple Christo and Jeanne Claude, Gerhard Richter, Georg Baselitz and Anselm Kiefer, as well as by outstanding Austrian artists, including Fritz Wotruba, Maria Lassnig, Arnulf Rainer and Erwin Wurm.
In a nod to the museums founder and passionate collector Prof. Rudolf Leopold, the Leopold Museum continuously shines the spotlight on other important private collections of international renown through presentations of these compilations highlights. I am certain that the multi-faceted collection presentation Amazing. The Würth Collection offers not only a fascinating overview of the triumphant path of Modernism but, in our times of multiple crises, will also nourish visitors minds and emotions, allowing for a sensual adventure as well as a cognitive experience. ---Hans-Peter Wipplinger, Director of the Leopold Museum and curator of the exhibition
For this exhibition, the Leopold Museum has decided to dedicate two museum floors to a temporary exhibition for the first time. The largely chronological presentation shines the spotlight on various stylistic movements and individual emphases. The works presented in the exhibition range from Impressionism, Expressionism and Cubism, all the way to Surrealism and different forms of abstract art. Art after 1945 features with important works by Georg Baselitz, Fernando Botero, Christo and Jeanne-Claude, Anselm Kiefer, Per Kirkeby and Gerhard Richter. One focus within the exhibition reflects Prof. Reinhold Würths keen interest in Austrian post-war art.
Private collections differ from public ones in as much as they are allowed to grow over the years within their own chosen parameters, without having to follow a policy of must-haves. We believe that the selection of works for the exhibition Amazing. The Würth Collection reflects this, something we owe to its curator Hans-Peter Wipplingers intimate knowledge of our collection and to his understanding of its multiple facets and international range. It is a joy for us to see our familiar works assembled in this new way in the wonderful rooms of the Leopold Museum. Exhibition-goers will make their very own discoveries and may well be amazed by some of the works in the original. ---Sylvia Weber, Head of the Art and Culture Division in the Würth Group
CLASSICAL MODERNISM FROM THE WÜRTH COLLECTION
The exhibition kicks off with the pioneer of Modernism Max Liebermann, who was one of the main exponents of German Impressionism. The co-founder of the Berlin Secession initially depicted scenes from rural and industrial work environments, which prompted critics to disrespectfully call him a socialist. Around 1900, he shifted his focus to depictions of the lives of the bourgeoisie. With his love of experimentation, the artist united Impressionist elements with an expressive style and influenced subsequent generations of artists. The works by French Impressionists, including Alfred Sisley and Camille Pissarro, chosen for this exhibition are characterized by depictions of fleeting moments, such as atmospheric lighting. The Impressionists painted quickly, intuitively, subjectively and often directly in nature. From the 1880s, Impressionism spread throughout Europe, with exponents including Paul Baum in Germany, and one of the co-founders of the Vienna Secession, Josef Engelhart, in Austria.
Another emphasis within the exhibition is dedicated to Expressionism. The selection ranges from pioneers of Expressionism, such as Edvard Munch and Ferdinand Hodler, via the early Expressionist Paula Modersohn-Becker to examples from the artists association Die Brücke, whose members, including Ernst Ludwig Kirchner and Erich Heckel, aspired to a life reform in tune with nature in protest against industrial society. The artists surrounding the editors of the Munich almanac Der Blaue Reiter, Wassily Kandinsky and Franz Marc, such as August Macke and Lyonel Feininger, created highly expressive works. Kandinsky and Gabriele Münter, to whom the Leopold Museum is dedicating a retrospective exhibition in the autumn, as well as Alexej von Jawlensky and Marianne von Werefkin, created Expressionist works of intense colors together from 1908.
Max Beckmann and Pablo Picasso
Two adjacent rooms showcase works by Max Beckmann and the Cubist painter Pablo Picasso. Though they never met, they closely followed each others progress. Beckmann, who described himself as an artistic loner, refused to be swept up by the avant-garde movements of his time. Convinced that art had to arrive at a transcendental objectivity, he explored the existential dependencies that individuals are exposed to. Picassos work, by contrast, is dominated by a zest for life and sensual pleasure. The universally talented artist was unsurpassed in terms of creative power, stylistic range and innovations in various media.
Constructivist Tendencies of Abstraction
The exhibition presents numerous works by Hans Arp, who was a key figure on the art scene of his time. With his biomorphous works, the protagonist of Organic Abstraction created a counter world to the rationalism of a technologized and reason-oriented society. The artists association Abstraction-Création, founded in Paris in 1931, united different approaches to the theme of abstraction, among them concrete, constructivist and geometric tendencies. This melting pot of artists also included Sonia Delaunay-Terk.
Surrealist Oneiric Worlds
Max Ernsts contacts within Dada centers in Zurich and Berlin encouraged him to found the Cologne Dada Group together with Arp after World War I. In 1922, he moved to Paris, where he became a protagonist of the Surrealist movement. His interest in experiments and coincidence led to innovative collages and assemblages, and to his discovery of the frottage technique. With his fantastical pictorial inventions, he created mysterious oneiric worlds. René Magritte, the most important exponent of Belgian Surrealism, combined naturalistic objects within unusually ambivalent depictions and questioned the illusory nature of reality.
Adventure of Abstraction
Two rooms are devoted to the adventure of abstraction, i.e. to the rejection of representational painting in its various forms. Works by artists including Frantiek Kupka, Johannes Itten, Max Bill and Sonia Delaunay-Terk illustrate the variety of design principles, which range from post-Cubist variations, geometrical variants and abstract color lyricism, all the way to Modernist tendencies inspired by the Bauhaus School.
Contemporary Art from the Würth Collection
The second part of this exhibition level showcases the Würth Collections compilation of contemporary art from the 20th and 21st centuries. Prof. Reinhold Würth owns a work complex of some 100 works from all the periods of the artists oeuvre by Christo and Jeanne-Claude, which Christo himself called the largest and most eminent compilation of their works worldwide. Making things and landscapes perceptible in a new way was the common theme of all their wrapped objects. The following room is dedicated to the paintings and chalk drawings by the Columbian artist Fernando Botero, who is renowned for his grotesque and voluminous human depictions. Next, we encounter the neo-expressive landscape visions of the Danish artist Per Kirkeby. A powerful contrast to these exhibits is provided by the works, characterized by a great diversity of themes, of Gerhard Richter, who is considered one of the most influential international artists today.
Austrian Positions in the Würth Collection
Particularly remarkable is the Würth Collections special emphasis, comprising more than 1,300 works, on Austrian art after 1945. This largest compilation of Austrian art outside of Austria is presented with select examples over two exhibition rooms. The tightly packed display starts with Maria Lassnig, Arnulf Rainer, the Actionists Hermann Nitsch and Günter Brus, and leads via Christian Ludwig Attersee, the abstract painter Jürgen Messensee and Kurt Kocherscheidt, a member of the artists group Wirklichkeiten [Realities], to exponents of the Neue Wilde [New Fauves] movement, including Hubert Scheibl, Herbert Brandl and Gunter Damisch, who from the 1980s depicted their subjective emotions in an expressive and abstracting manner.
International Sculpture in the Würth Collection
A central part of the Würth Collection is made up of examples of international sculpture, which feature in the exhibition with works by Anish Kapoor and Tony Cragg. Renowned Austrian sculptors shown in the presentation include Fritz Wotruba, who strove towards reduction and harmony, as well as the political realist Alfred Hrdlicka.
Further exhibition rooms are dedicated to Markus Lüpertz, Georg Baselitz and Anselm Kiefer. Lüpertzs oeuvre focuses on the re-interpretation of contemporary and art history from Antiquity to Modernism. Baselitz achieved international renown in the 1970s and 80s with his neo-expressive motifs, which he painted upside down. The exhibition at the Leopold Museum includes a sculpture by Baselitz, measuring more than three meters tall, as well as exhibits from his series Remixes, started in 2005. The exhibition Amazing closes with a room dedicated to Anselm Kiefer. In his often monumental works, the painter and sculptor reflects history, explores remembrance and leads his viewers into the darkest recesses of human existence and actions.
REINHOLD WÜRTH AND HIS COLLECTION
Establishing the Würth Group
The entrepreneur and patron of the arts, Prof. Reinhold Würth (*1935), began collecting art in the 1960s. Over the following six decades, he compiled thousands of exquisite artworks from the fields of painting, sculpture and graphic art from the late 14th century to the present. Prof. Reinhold Würth took over the company of his father in 1954, at the age of only 19, after the fathers untimely death, and, over the following four decades, turned the two-man enterprise into a globally successful business group and international market leader in the field of fastening and assembly technology.
Art at Würth
In Künzelsau, the companys headquarters, Würth opened the Museum Würth in 1991 as the first in a series of museums. In 2020, the latest cultural institution, the Museum Würth 2, was integrated into the arts and congress center Carmen Würth Forum designed by David Chipperfield Architects. It is the 15th in a string of museums and art forums operated by the company all over Europe as an expression of lived corporate culture. Prof. Reinhold Würth and his wife Carmen are confident that art, as well as literature and music, is able to overcome cultural, social and language barriers, and to promote universal commonalities.
The Würth Collection
Today, following almost 60 years of consistent collecting, the private company collection comprises around 19,000 artworks. The earliest work dates from 1390, the most recent from 2022. Since 1991, the Würth Group has been presenting its collection free of charge in changing exhibitions at 15 European venues close to the companys headquarters. The Art Room Würth at the Austrian company headquarters in Böheimkirchen, the Walk of Modern Art in Salzburg as well as the Würth Sculpture Garden near Arenberg Castle are ambassadors of the Würth Collection in Austria.
Opening Ceremony of the Exhibition AMAZING at Leopold Museum
The Leopold Museums Director, Hans-Peter Wipplinger, opened the comprehensive exhibition of select works from the Würth Collection together with Prof. Dr. Reinhold Würth, Sylvia Weber (Head of the Art and Culture Division in the Würth Group), the Chairman of the Würth Artistic Advisory Board, Christoph Becker, and H.E. the Ambassador of the Federal Republic of Germany, Michael Klor-Berchtold. The ceremonious opening was attended by the Head of the Board of Directors of the Leopold Museum Private Foundation Josef Ostermayer, the board members Sonja Hammerschmid and Saskia Leopold, Moritz Stipsicz (Commercial Director of the Leopold Museum), the collectors Agnes Essl, Elisabeth Leopold, Waltraud Leopold and Helmut Klewan, former Federal Chancellor Brigitte Bierlein, the president of the Salzburg Festival Kristina Hammer, Angela Baillou (CEO Christies Austria), the gallery owners Ernst Hilger (with Karoline Hilger-Bartosch), Thaddaeus Ropac, Thomas Salis and Cornelius van Almsick (Galerie Zeller van Almsick), Waltraud Forelli (Atelier Anselm Kiefer), the artists Martha Jungwirth, Elfie Semotan, Suse Krawagna, Jürgen Messensee, Alfred Haberpointner, Manfred Hebenstreit, Franco Kappl and Walter Vopava, the former director of the Chamber of Labour Vienna Werner Muhm, Gertrud Aichem-Degreif (cultural advisor to the German Embassy), Christoph Thun Hohenstein (Austrian Federal Ministry of European and International Affairs), the art historians Maria Würth, Thomas Zaunschirm, Rainer Metzger and Daniela Gregori, attorneys Thomas and Christiane Mondl, Petra Eibel (insurance expert), actor Helmut Bohatsch, Harald Friedrich (Vice Chairman of the Board of Management Liechtensteinische Landesbank) and Barbara Friedrich, Thomas Baumgartner (McKinsey) and Sabina Baumgartner-Parzer (Medical University of Vienna), Christian Knobloch (CKV Group), Christoph von der Schulenburg (Dorotheum), and many others.