BOSTON, MA.- International Poster Gallery
(IPG) presents Paper Wars, an evocative exhibition of original propaganda posters of the First and Second World Wars. The exhibition, which runs from April 28 through June 15, 2011, features some of the most persuasive and galvanizing posters from two of the most significant military conflicts in world history. From enticing recruitment posters to pleas for the civilian purchase of war bonds, these posters were a driving force of patriotism and propaganda in their respective homelands.
World War I was the first conflict in which the illustrated color lithographic poster was used as a means of propaganda. Already used in the world of commerce, travel, and entertainment before the war, illustrated posters provided an established and effective medium for propaganda delivery. With the outbreak of World War II, combatants once again pressed the poster into service, this time highlighting the conflicts polarizing ideological struggle that pitted Fascism and Totalitarianism against Democracy.
Highlighting the shows fine selection of recruitment posters is Howard Chandler Christys 1918 call for naval recruits. The posters subject, a smiling woman in a low-cut United States Navy uniform, is accompanied by the text Gee!! I wish I were a man. Id join the Navy. Supplementary text at the bottom of the poster urged the viewer to Be a man and do it, directing them to a local navy recruiting station. Posters that appealed to period ideals of masculinity were quite popular and effective recruitment tools, often combining patriotic sentiment with sexually charged imagery for maximum effect.
A counterpoint to Christys naval recruitment poster is Adolf Treidlers 1918 design for the YWCA. The poster highlights the emergence of the female work force during the First World War, stating For every fighter, a woman worker. Women played an invaluable role in both World Wars, supplementing the sudden absence of their male counterparts in the workplace to assist in the war effort, most notably in the industrial sector. The YWCA advocated for womens rights in the workplace, limiting lengthy shifts, prohibiting night work and facilitating the organization of labor unions.
Lending his iconic and undeniably American style to the war effort, Normal Rockwell also participated in the United States propaganda machine with his 1943 Four Freedoms series. The series was inspired by a speech by Franklin D. Roosevelt, in which he described four principles for universal rights: Freedom from Want, Freedom of Speech, Freedom to Worship and Freedom from Fear. The United States Department of the Treasure used Rockwells paintings to promote the sale of war bonds, debt securities issued by the government to finance military operations during times of war. Rockwell himself considered Freedom of Speech to be the best of the four, an example of which is featured in the exhibition.
The show also features Joseph Leyendeckers war bonds Weapons for Liberty campaign sponsored by Boy Scouts of America; Lucian Bernhards 1918 German World War I poster depicting an imposing iron fist; and Jack Campbells virulent 1942 Tokio Kid, a fine period example of the use of racial caricature to demonize the enemy.
In addition to gallery shows and special exhibitions, IPGs award-winning website, www.internationalposter.com
offers the largest, most comprehensive online collection of vintage advertising posters in the world. Originally launched in 1998, the site contains nearly 4,500 images accessible through a powerful search engine.