The architect Lina Bo Bardi (1914-92) always felt a strong connection with drawing. Throughout her lifetime and in all the realms of art she ventured into, drawing was always present. Rather than a tool for designing, drawing was a fundamental means of expression for Bo Bardi, arising from a strong sense of curiosity and doubt. Drawing was her language, the extension of her thoughts, and the vehicle for her minds explorations. Ultimately, it was her most genuine way of examining, feeling and relating to the world.
Bo Bardi discovered drawing as a child, through her father an amateur painter and received her training in art and architecture in her native Italy. After developing a unique and successful career in Brazil, Lina Bo Bardi is now considered one of the most outstanding architects of the 20th century and has been internationally acclaimed for her work as a designer, editor, curator and intellectual. Her oeuvre lives on as a cultural lesson in which aesthetic aspirations merge with ethical concerns.
While many architects, designers and artists debated and continue to debate about the formal aspects of space and artistic production, Bo Bardi devoted her career to understanding the profound connection between the practice of drawing and the acts of everyday life. From her point of view, people, rather than architects, are the true protagonists of architecture. Although only a small number of her architectural projects were actually built, Bo Bardi was highly prolific in the fields of furniture design, graphic design, as well as set and exhibition design, and never set up a hierarchy among the different registers within the broad range of her practice.
When we design, even as a student, it is important that a building serves a purpose and that it has the connotation of use. It is necessary that the work does not fall from the sky over its inhabitants, but rather expresses a need. [...] In conclusion, you should always look for the ideal, decent object, which could also be defined by the old term «beauty». ---LINA BO BARDI
Throughout her lifetime, Bo Bardi documented her imaginative visions and creative processes in many sketches. Over six thousand sketches and drawings from her personal archives are held today at the Instituto Lina Bo e P. M. Bardi in São Paulo, Brazil. The exhibition at the Fundació Joan Miró
sheds light on a concise and carefully-selected collection of one hundred of these drawings, curated by Zeuler Rocha Lima. Lina Bo Bardi Drawing is a constellation of images which invites visitors to discover the relevance of drawing in the career of this unique architect and make free associations between the numerous facets of her output. The drawings, produced with a variety of techniques pencil, watercolour, gouache, felt pen, pen and ink also reveal her broad view of design and architecture, accessible to everyone, in which she merges different artistic sensibilities that are fed by nature and everyday life. To quote the curator, «Her drawings are highly personal. They constitute an emotional exercise that goes beyond intellectual practice [
] clearly, in her hands, drawing involved a quest for knowledge and intimacy. It was an act of love. And, like all forms of love, it was full of challenges, contradictions and ambiguities».
The Lina Bo Bardi Drawing exhibition is divided into four thematic areas: space considered as a stage for living and for seeing and observing the objects and the minute realities of everyday life; plants as props; and people, the true protagonists of these spaces. «Through drawing», Rocha Lima notes , «she observed, imagined, and aspired to understand and transform reality, both externally and internally. She idealized a better world to live in, for herself and for others».
The exhibition begins in an area that focuses on the natural world as it is imagined in Lina Bo Bardis drawings. Plants had been present in Bo Bardis drawings ever since her childhood, as a symbol of life cycles and of nature. In 1956, when she visited Barcelona, Bo Bardi discovered Antoni Gaudí, whose interest in plants and organic forms definitively changed the Brazilian-Italian architects language from that moment on.
People are an ongoing theme throughout Bo Bardis drawings. The exhibition continues to address this aspect in an ensemble of pieces in which the human body appears not only as a physical object or reference, but also as a way of being in the world, both individually and collectively. According to Rocha Lima, Lina Bo Bardi «produced commanding and yet sometimes childlike hand drawings and sketches in their simplicity and colorfulness, seldom associated with mainstream twentieth century architects. She pictured joy and humanness».
Through her continued practice of drawing, Lina Bo Bardi created an original visual culture which is the subject of the following section of the exhibition. Given her experience in publishing, Bo Bardi knew how to use images to promote values and generate innovative ways of seeing. After moving to Brazil in 1946, she merged her knowledge of graphic design with popular culture, her appreciation of spontaneous forms of expression and the different traditions with which she was familiar.
Her body of work conveys her conviction that life had to be at the center of the way we conceive objects, buildings and spaces, as is apparent in the last section of the exhibition: As the curator notes, «her drawings are a reminder that everyday life is multifaceted and full of possibilities, a place for working and dreaming, for individual and social existence». The show closes with Lina Bo Bardi, Curator, a video originally produced by Zeuler Rocha Lima for the Lina Bo Bardi 100 exhibition at the Architekturmuseum in Munich in 2014, celebrating the centenary of the architects birth.
Lina Bo Bardi Drawing tells the story of a woman who was driven by ethics and modesty as an artist and an architect who based her language on the principle of simplification a principle which she happened to share with Joan Miró. Both artists viewed drawing as an everyday practice which they maintained throughout their lives. To quote the curator, «while proficiency in hand drawing has lost prominence in the arts in general and in architectural practice in particular, Lina Bo Bardis drawings remain an always fresh reminder of the continued importance and value of free, authentic thinking and of skillful, educated hands».