The First Art Newspaper on the Net   Established in 1996 Wednesday, December 2, 2020


First fossil feather ever found belonged to this dinosaur
In an undated photo from Museum fur Naturkunde, a close-up photograph of a fossil feather found in 1861 in Bavaria, and originally identified as coming from an archaeopteryx. To settle a lengthy debate, a team of paleontologists says the specimen unearthed in the 19th century was shed by an archaeopteryx. Museum fur Naturkunde via The New York Times.

by Lucas Joel



NEW YORK (NYT NEWS SERVICE).- The feather looks like any feather you might find on the ground. But it’s not. It’s about 150 million years old, and it fluttered to the ground back when the dinosaurs roamed what is today called Bavaria. It’s entombed in limestone, and, when paleontologists unearthed it in 1861, it became the first fossil feather ever discovered.

Many paleontologists think the feather came from archaeopteryx lithographica, a creature that, with its feathered wings and sharp-toothed mouth, bears features of both dinosaurs and birds, making it a herald of the evolutionary transition between the two groups.

But that first-known fossil feather isn’t attached to an archaeopteryx skeleton, and so for more than a century, not all scientists have agreed on the identity of the feather’s owner.

“There’s been this debate, even when the feather was found: Does this isolated feather belong to the same animal as these skeletal specimens of archaeopteryx?” said Ryan Carney, a paleontologist and epidemiologist at the University of South Florida who has a tattoo of the feather on his arm.

In a study published last month in the journal Scientific Reports, Carney and a team of colleagues compared the feather with the fossil remains of other feathers found with archaeopteryx fossils more recently, and they claim that the debate is now settled: The feather belongs to archaeopteryx.

Although the debate about whether the feather belonged to archaeopteryx has persisted, it came into greater focus in 2019 when other scientists argued in a paper that the feather might have belonged to another winged dinosaur species. Many scientists have been critical of this hypothesis, and Carney and his team set out to counter it by studying the shape of the feather. They hoped to see whether it matched the anatomy of feathers that were still connected to other fossilized Archaeopteryx specimens.

They report that the feathers, for instance, have similar widths, lengths and curvatures. After overlaying an outline of the 1861 feather atop a fossil archaeopteryx wing, the team also found that the feather fits onto the wing perfectly. They additionally point out that the feather comes from the same fossil site as four archaeopteryx specimens later unearthed near Solnhofen, Germany.




Using a high-powered scanning electron microscope, the team also captured images of the feather with enough detail to reveal the presence of thousands of molecules called melanosomes — organelles responsible for the feather’s coloration — that preserve the feather’s original pigments. The pigments suggest that the feather was matte black in color. What color the rest of archaeopteryx was remains an open question.

Peter Wellnhofer, a paleontologist at the Paleontological Museum in Munich who wrote a book about archaeopteryx and was not involved in the new research, said he was impressed by the study.

“They did not exclude different interpretations but put forward their own view, well-founded with new and convincing arguments,” he said.

Michael Pittman, a vertebrate paleontologist at the University of Hong Kong and a co-author of the 2019 study, still thinks that the feather doesn’t fit, like a jigsaw puzzle piece in the wrong box. Although the feather could fit somewhere on archaeopteryx, it doesn’t mean that feather didn’t come from another dinosaur, he said. “We can’t rule out that another bird or other species didn’t drop the feather.”

Whether this paper settles the argument, Stephen Brusatte, a vertebrate paleontologist at the University of Edinburgh, said studying the feather continues to offer useful insights.

“To me, ultimately, the important thing is that this feather belonged to a small-winged Jurassic animal that could fly pretty well, regardless of whether it was shed from the wing of archaeopteryx or another bird,” he said. “No doubt the warm, sunny lagoons of Jurassic Germany were aflutter with lots of flying dinosaurs.”

Whatever doubts anyone may still have, Carney is so certain about his conclusion that he got a new tattoo right under his feather tattoo. It reads “Feder von Archaeopteryx lithographica,” which is German for “Feather of Archaeopteryx lithographica,” and is the text written on the slab of rock that bears the feather.

“Case closed on this question,” Carney said.

© 2020 The New York Times Company










Today's News

October 7, 2020

Cave raiders: Thai archaeologists hunt ancient artwork

Eddie Van Halen, virtuoso of the rock guitar, dies at 65

First fossil feather ever found belonged to this dinosaur

Tate Modern opens the most substantial survey of Bruce Nauman's work in London for more than 20 years

Sotheby's first live streamed Contemporary Art Evening Sale in Asia achieves US$88 million

The Vero Beach Museum of Art reopens

French MPs vote to return stolen artefacts to Benin, Senegal

Fergus McCaffrey announces the death of Noriyuki Haraguchi

Third major gift of Steichen photographs broadens Block Museum teaching collection

Exhibition of new paintings and sculpture by Beverly Fishman on view at Miles McEnery Gallery

Damien Hirst remembers 'immortal' 90s with new show

Julius Caesar "assassination coin" may be worth millions

Newly discovered Degas offered at Bonhams New York prints sale

Rare Picasso ceramics come to Heritage Auctions

New Worcester Art Museum exhibition focuses on local artist Susan Swinand

Cal State LA exhibition highlights renowned Los Angeles artist Betye Saar

The University of Chicago commissions Jenny Holzer to create new text-based public artwork

Oxford's History of Science Museum reopens with exhibition of rare Islamic metalwork

Mystery Pier Books to auction rarities with GWS Auctions

An international who's who of comics creations, from Tank Girl to Charlie Brown, realize $1.6 million

Nobel Literature Prize 2020: Controversy or crowdpleaser?

Exhibition examines the way dreams have been depicted in art from antiquity to the present day

Almine Rech London opens a new exhibition by Ha Chong-Hyun

Records set in $1.6 million Heritage Luxury Accessories Auction

Finding the best accommodation for students in Birmingham

The Most Popular Art Schools in UK

Why you should visit the Le Cadeaux art gallery?

Before Playing at Online Casinos: The Best and Worst Online Casino Game Odds

The Elements Of Art In Photography

The art of animal photography

Benefits of hiring an appeal attorney





Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 



Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
(1941 - 2019)
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org avemariasound.org juncodelavega.com facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.
Sending Mail
Sending Successful