Joachim Bandau was just over thirty years old when he began to forge the body of sculptures and drawings that marks a distinctive phase in his early practice. In 1967, he had begun the creation of his amorphous, vaguely humanoid sculptures built up from mannequin segments in combination with then-new industrial materials, and already by 1974, he announced the abrupt end of this production in order to move into a different direction. In those few but prolific years, Bandau made well over one hundred sculptures and countless related drawings, each as strange and singular today as when he first created them. This exhibition concentrates on a selection of key pieces from that period, some rarely or never seen since they were first made.
All adamantine surfaces and abstracted curves, Bandaus early sculptures were typically achieved by way of chopping up department store mannequins and slathering these fragments with fiberglass-reinforced polyester that he then sanded and coated, sanded and coated, again and again. The segments of the dismembered figures were often used in the most unexpected ways, with Bandaus process usually concealing the bodily antecedents at a particular artworks core. Their final, painstakingly created shells, either absolutely smooth or mottled with skin-like pores, were then lacquered in highpolish paint, mostly black or white, but sometimes in such colors as fire-engine red or bright orange, metallic silver or bruised grey. Some were even combined with chromed pull handles and caster wheels, stainless steel shower heads or hardware couplings, rubber tubes or flexible hosesgaping or jutting out like so many orifices and tentacles. At once technoid and bodily, minimal and monstrous, these non-beauties (Nichtschönen)to use the neologism invented by the artist to describe themwere the perfect marriage of voluptuous sensuousness and clean, hard froideur.
The backdrop to their genesis was the rise of industrial automation of the late 1950s and early 1960s, scientific advances such as the first heart transplant that made headlines in 1967, and the memories of World War II that the artist had lived through as a child and whose dark legacy he was actively grappling with as an adult. Bandau unraveled the bodys relationship to technology and commodification as much as its connection to the atrocities of war. The resulting sculptures bear an uncompromising strangeness. It is hard to say what they are exactly, even what era they might belong to, not to mention the fact that, if humanoid they are, their sex seems often as obscure as their purpose. Organoidtechnoid hermaphrodites is what one critic called them at the time.
Their presentation at Kunsthalle Basel
is deliberately non-chronological, following instead a loose dramaturgy and unfolding, room by room, the lexicon of themes, materials, and forms that preoccupied Bandau in these crucial years. Punctuated by curves and color, the first room introduces both the hardened, commodity-like gleam and the modular structure that links the sculptures to the logic of mass production (despite being entirely handmade). These characteristics are integral to Großes weißes Tor (Great White Gate, 1969/1970), the piece that partially blocks the exhibitions entrance; it is one of several related works focusing on thresholds, with passageways that are deliberately too narrow to actually be functional.
The three pillars holding it up are comprised of four parts each, with a number of mannequin segments helping to form the top arch of the gate. Near it, reliefs evoking a head and feet protrude from the modular, floor-bound elements of Ophelia, badewassergrün (Ophelia, Bathwater Green, 1967). Beneath the slick curves of Silbernes Monstrum (Silver Monster, 1970/1971), on the other hand, the body is almost com- pletely abstracted, as is similarly the case in the upright, wooden Figur (Figure, 1971). Analogies between the human, ever present, even if sometimes elusive, and the commodity set the tone of the beginning of the exhibition.
One might detect a Pop-like playfulness about these works, yet a questioning of the more sinister aspects of humanity often also lurks at their core. Consider the ominous implications hinted at by the title, Transplantationsobjekt VI (Kölner Spritze) (Transplantation Object VI [Cologne Syringe], 1968), one of a series of works inspired by medical advancements contemporaneous with its creation; or, at the center of the room, the perfectly shiny, black, rounded Gnom (Gnome, 1969/1970), from which multiple flexible stainless-steel gooseneck hoses emerge. Compact, easily portable, and at first glance almost cute, like its title, it was made after the artist had seen gruesome images of a war veteran, a full-body amputee, unable to move or speak but technically kept alive for years. It presages the black pieces in the exhibitions second room characterized by the rubberized aesthetic of bondage gear, apparent in Zungenfuß (Tongue Foot, 1973/1976) and in O. T. (Untitled, 1971), a phallic contraption that looks equal parts torture device and masturbation tool. Surrounding these, cryptic forms emerge in various wall works as if from the depths of a pool of tar or blackened waste. Oblique, never actually indecent, but often weirdly suggestive, Bandaus sculptures owe some of their curious force to their dogged ambiguities.
Underscoring the diversity and importance of drawing to his practice, the third room gathers gauzy watercolors for pieces that never came to be (such as 13. August 1974, 1974); detailed renderings of works that would eventually be realized (as those for his various Sesselgruppe [Chair Group] works, with one set of these sculptures also featured in the room); precise technical drawings used in the fabrication of works (such as his now defunct 5 KabinenMobile [5 Cabin Mobiles] from 1973, also pictured in vintage photographs); and impressionistic sketches of works once they were made (such as his Silbernes Monstrum, 1970/1971). All of these convey a sense of both the vibrant imagination and the rigorous planning that accompanied the creation of his threedimensional objects.
The fourth room holds Georgische Tänzer (Georgian Dancers, 1971), a multi-part work comprised of amorphous, white, upright figures (literally modeled on Figur, presented in the first room), like a small army of cartoony ghosts hitched to robot vacuum cleaners. Motorized, each is almostbut not quitean animatronic clone of the next, advancing with glacial slowness until it bumps into the boundary of the works precisely delimited arena or another dancer, causing both to shift course. Theirs is a machinic ballet of sorts, and a scathing social commentary, in which Bandaus zombified beings follow rules that are not their own, and are unable to experience closeness or intimacy (since touching prompts distancing).
The last room, featuring some of Bandaus more explicitly devastating pieces, is the first rooms antagonistic companion: while the show opens seemingly colorful and fun, it closes in a brutal tenor. Among the works shown is BeinprothesenSarg (Leg Prosthesis Coffin, 1972), an unusual piece in Bandaus repertoire, in which a pair of well-worn prosthetic legs appear unveiled and unadorned from a slender tombstone-slab. It gives way to other eerie, coffin-like forms, like Weißer Sarkophag (White Sarcophagus) and Schwarzes ruhendes Schlauchmonstrum (Black Dormant Tube Monster, both 1972), the latter among a series that Bandau termed his monsters. Towering in the background is Wasserwerfer (Water Cannon, 1974), a menacing black monolith-like form on wheels that disguises a mannequins thighs used to create the curved barrels at its top, ready to shoot. Central to the room is the gleaming, immaculate surface of another of Bandaus gates, this one with multiple built-in shower heads as if born from mannequins breasts; Weißes Duschtor (White Shower Gate, 1969) reads as a Nazi extermination device turned fancy, high-gloss appliance. As a coda to the exhibition, these pieces perfectly encapsulate the aesthetic of violence (to use Bandaus own term) that undergirds his work, making as much reference to the bodys damage (and its capacity to damage others) as to its imbrication in desire and commodification.
Kunsthalle Basel, focused as it is on the art of the present, rarely stages shows of historic work. Yet given how topical Bandaus weird, little known sculptures and drawings from 19671974 are, they exceptionally merit our attention. Indeed, even today, these early works remain, insufficiently recognized in many art histories of either postwar sculpture or the global tendencies of the 1960s and 1970s. Surely part of the reason for this state of affairs is that Bandaus art failed, in so many ways, to conform to popular currents of the moment, being neither principally conceptual nor minimal, neither properly figurative nor fully abstract, using then-new industrial materials (ignoble by classical art standards) to recall the sleek efficiency of products while being flagrantly useless, and, finally, making highly political statements while evading the look of political art. It is exactly this failure to fit in, along with the relentless ambiguities these early works radiate, that makes them so fascinating. Thus, despite having been produced decades ago, it is their extraordinary relevance to contemporary artistic practices and to the political moment we are currently living that motivates their exhibition here and now.
Joachim Bandau was born 1936 in Cologne, DE; he lives and works in Aachen, DE, and Stäfa, CH.