Pandit Shiv Kumar Sharma, master of the santoor, dies at 84

The First Art Newspaper on the Net    Established in 1996 Wednesday, May 29, 2024

Pandit Shiv Kumar Sharma, master of the santoor, dies at 84
He single-handedly elevated a 100-string instrument little known outside Kashmir into a prominent component of Hindustani classical music.

by Shalini Venugopal Bhagat

NEW YORK, NY.- Pandit Shiv Kumar Sharma, an Indian musician and composer who was the foremost exponent of the santoor, a 100-string instrument similar to the hammered dulcimer, died Tuesday at his home in Mumbai. He was 84.

Indian news reports said the cause was cardiac arrest.

Over a career spanning nearly seven decades, Sharma became the first musician to propel the santoor onto the world stage, at concerts and recitals in India and elsewhere.

Before Sharma started playing the santoor, it was little known outside Kashmir. Even there it was used only to play Sufiana Mausiqi, a genre of Kashmiri classical music with Persian, Central Asian and Indian roots.

The santoor, a trapezoidal wooden instrument whose strings stretch over 25 wooden bridges, is played with slim wooden mallets. On the santoor, in contrast with the sitar, sarod or sarangi, the string instruments traditionally used in Hindustani classical music, it is difficult to sustain notes and perform the meends, or glides from one note to another, essential to the Hindustani musical tradition.

That might be one reason it took Sharma so many years to be recognized for his artistry.

At the beginning of his career, purists and critics derided the santoor’s staccato sound, and many urged Sharma to switch to another instrument. Instead he spent years redesigning the santoor to enable it to play more notes per octave, making it more suitable for the complex ragas, the melodic framework of Hindustani music.

“My story is different from that of other classical musicians,” Sharma told The Times of India in 2002. “While they had to prove their mettle, their talent, their caliber, I had to prove the worth of my instrument. I had to fight for it.”

He released several albums, beginning with “Call of the Valley” (1967), a collaboration with acclaimed flutist Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia and guitarist Brij Bhushan Kabra.

Chaurasia and Sharma were close friends and frequent collaborators. Together they composed music for several successful Bollywood films in the 1980s and ’90s including “Silsila” (1981), “Chandni” (1989), “Lamhe” (1991) and “Darr” (1993). Sharma was one of the few Indian musicians who straddled the worlds of classical and popular music.

In 1974, Sharma performed across North America with sitar virtuoso Pandit Ravi Shankar as part of former Beatle George Harrison’s 45-show “Dark Horse” concert tour, bringing Indian classical music to audiences beyond South Asia alongside some of the finest classical musicians from India — Alla Rakha on tabla, Sultan Khan on sarangi, L. Subramaniam on violin, T.V. Gopalakrishnan on mridangam and vocals, Chaurasia on flute, Gopal Krishan on vichitra veena and Lakshmi Shankar on vocals.

Sharma was awarded some of India’s highest honors, including the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1986, the Padma Shri in 1991 and the Padma Vibhushan in 2001.

Shiv Kumar (sometimes rendered Shivkumar) Sharma was born Jan. 13, 1938, in Jammu, India, to Pandit Uma Devi Sharma, a classical musician who belonged to the family of royal priests of the maharajah of Jammu and Kashmir, and Kesar Devi. He began singing and tabla lessons with his father at the age of 5, showing great promise. In “Journey With a Hundred Strings” (2002), a biography of Sharma, Ina Puri wrote that he would spend hours immersed in music, practicing various instruments.

“There was an obsessive element in my attitude to music even then,” she quoted him as saying. “It was the air I breathed, the reason I lived.”

By age 12 he was an accomplished tabla player, regularly performing on Radio Jammu and accompanying leading musicians who visited the city. When he was 14, his father returned from Srinagar, where he had been working, with a present: a santoor.

Sharma was not happy about learning a new, unfamiliar instrument. But his father was adamant. “Mark my words, son,” he recalled his father saying. “Shiv Kumar Sharma and the santoor will become synonymous in years to come. Have the courage to start something from scratch. You will be recognized as a pioneer.”

In 1955, Sharma gave his first major public performance on the santoor, at the Haridas Sangeet Sammelan festival in Bombay (now Mumbai). The youngest participant at 17, he persuaded the organizers to allow him to play both the santoor and the tabla. He was reluctantly given 30 minutes to play the instrument of his choice, but on the day of the recital he played the santoor for a full hour — to rapturous applause. The organizers called him back for another recital the next day.

He soon received offers to play and act in Hindi films, but after one film, the 1955 hit “Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baje,” he was determined to focus on classical music. He performed around the country in an effort to establish the santoor as a classical instrument.

He moved to Bombay at 22; to make ends meet, he played the santoor on sessions for dozens of popular Hindi film songs while continuing to build his classical reputation.

He is survived by his wife, Manorama; his sons, Rahul, a well-known santoor player and composer, and Rohit; and two grandchildren.

After Sharma’s death, Prime Minister Narendra Modi was among those paying tribute. “Our cultural world is poorer with the demise of Pandit Shivkumar Sharma Ji,” he wrote on Twitter. “He popularized the santoor at a global level. His music will continue to enthrall the coming generations.”

This article originally appeared in The New York Times.

Today's News

May 17, 2022

Artemis Gallery announces May 19 boutique auction of expertly curated antiquities, ethnographica and fine art

Ruby Mazur celebrates 50th anniversary of his "mouth & tongue" image designed for the Rolling Stones

We've been drawing these saber-toothed cats all wrong

Nick Cave goes underground

Museo Nacional Thyssen-Bornemisza presents Carpaccio's Young Knight in a Landscape restoration and technical study

Surrealism shines at Christie's as sales total $79.4 million

Paris Print Fair opens this week! New fair dedicated to printmaking from May 18-22

Post-War & Contemporary Art Day Sale achieves $97 million

Annely Juda Fine Art opens an exhibition of works by Philipp Goldbach, Nigel Hall and Werner Haypeter

The Fralin Museum of Art receives grant to support the Native North American Collections Project

Shelburne Museum opens with new exhibitions, programs, and refurbished historic buildings

Hake's debuts all-Star Wars special auction June 2 - only the rarest and best

Gilane Tawadros appointed new Director of Whitechapel Gallery

Batman rides the lightning as original cover for The Dark Knight Returns Book One strikes Heritage Auctions in June

Mantle and Munson records and a Michael Jordan jersey from his last blast with the Bulls lead Heritage auction

Pearl Lam Galleries announces representation of Philip Colbert, known as the "godson of Andy Warhol"

Pandit Shiv Kumar Sharma, master of the santoor, dies at 84

After 36 years, a Malcolm X opera sings to the future

Katsumoto Saotome, who preserved memories of Tokyo firebombing, dies at 90

'Mrs. Doubtfire' to close on Broadway, after reopening

Larry Woiwode, who wrote of family, faith and rural life, dies at 80

Beyond the châteaux: New escapes in France's Loire Valley

Let actors act

'Hamlet' boldly engulfs the Metropolitan Opera

Find Your Way into Your Studies By Trying To Study

5 Reasons Slot Machines Are Better Than Video Games

What Makes Jordan Sudberg a Leading Pain Management Specialist?

Commissions, tools and reviews of Exante broker

How To See What Someone Likes on Instagram?

Top-Rated Pharmacy BrooksideCBD Offer Incredible Products and Services

Art Education: Atelier versus Art School

Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .


Ignacio Villarreal
(1941 - 2019)
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez
Writer: Ofelia Zurbia Betancourt

Royalville Communications, Inc
Founder's Site. Hommage
to a Mexican poet.

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.
Sending Mail
Sending Successful