LONDON.- Pace Gallery
opened a solo exhibition of the American abstract painter Kenneth Noland. Stripes/ Plaids/ Shapes, the opening show of 2023, surveys canvases from a significant period in the artists remarkable career. Marking Nolands first solo presentation in London for more than two decades, this exhibition charts the development of his iconic Stripe paintings of the late 1960s through to his Shape canvases in the early 1980s.
A founding member of the Washington Color School which included figures such as Sam Gilliam, Morris Louis, and Alma Thomas Noland was instrumental in creating the language of post-war abstraction in the US. His experimental approach to form, material, and colour gave rise to radical works that redefined the notion of painting. Between 1946 and 1948, Noland studied at the Black Mountain College in his native North Carolina where he was exposed to the ideas of seminal figures such as Josef Albers and John Cage and developed an early interest in the expressive potential of colour and chance. His mature style would come to render colour a resonant force and built a visual language that included Circles, Chevrons, as well as the series on view in this current exhibition.
Kenneth Noland: Stripes/ Plaids/ Shapes begins with early examples of the artists striped works from the late 1960s, such as Early Flight (1969) or Via Mojave (1968), both of which stretch horizontally across several meters to expand beyond the viewers peripheral vision and evoke the feel of a vast, enveloping landscape. Noland would use an array of techniques to apply the bands of colour in specific proportions, including staining the raw canvas or using a traditional paint roller, to create textural variation. In choosing acrylic paint, which cannot be reworked as easily as oil, Noland embraced the risk factor, quipping that he was a one-shot painter. Regardless of the technique used, Nolands painting practice intentionally removed traces of the artists hand in order to focus attention on the materiality of the works, while also allowing for chance reactions where the bands of paint meet. Following his poured circle paintings of the late 1950s, Nolands paintings of the 1960s were in radical opposition to the gestural, painterly canvases of Abstract Expressionism which had dominated the American art scene of the mid-20th century.
At the turn of the 1970s, Noland began including vertical stripes over his horizontal bands. The resulting works, titled Plaid paintings, draw parallels to the paintings of Piet Mondrian, an early influence on Noland via his Black Mountain teacher Ilya Bolotowsky, a well-documented proponent of De Stijl art theory. However, unlike Mondrian, Nolands lines retained the soft blur of stained canvas, creating a quasi-alchemical effect as the colours overlap and knit together. In Interface (1973), striking lines of warm yellow, orange, green, red, and sky blue interweave across the diamond shaped canvas, inviting viewers to closely examine the interaction of colour, form, and mark.
In the ensuing years, Noland continued his experimentation by turning his attention to the canvas support itself. By creating shaped paintings that took unusual, asymmetrical forms, Noland emphasized the objecthood of the painting. In Glean (1977) and Field of Green (1978), the picture plane is stained with earth-toned hues of green while borders of brightly coloured stripes are positioned opposite one another, creating a spatial tension in the composition. These works, with their large expanses of a single colour, have a textural richness resulting from the paints interaction with the raw canvas and the artists distinct and often uneven application.
Kenneth Noland (b. 1924, Asheville, North Carolina; d. 2010, Port Clyde, Maine), a key figure in the development of postwar abstract art, studied under Ilya Bolotowsky at Black Mountain College from 1946 to 1948, developing an early interest in the emotional effects and expressive potential of color and geometric form. A commitment to line and color can be traced throughout his oeuvreone essential to the development of Color-field paintingbeginning with his Circle paintings and extending through a visual language that includes chevrons, diamonds, stripes, plaid patterns, and shaped canvases. Often adhering to a compositional format, he would work methodically within a series to explore color, material, and methoda working process that generated successive forms.