NEW YORK, NY.-
Russell Sherman, a pianist admired for his poetic and idiosyncratic interpretations of Arnold Schoenberg, Ludwig van Beethoven, Claude Debussy, Franz Liszt and others, died Sept. 30 at his home in Lexington, Massachusetts. A longtime music educator as well, he was 93.
His death was confirmed by his wife, pianist Wha Kyung Byun.
Sherman, who gave his last recital at 88, made his name performing virtuoso works such as Liszts daunting Transcendental Études. Referring to the composers reputation as a showman, Sherman told The New York Times in 1989 that he was engaged in a lifelong battle to reconstitute Liszt as a serious composer.
He recorded the Études on cassette in 1974 and in 1990 for Albany Records. The poetic idea is central, he wrote in the liner notes for the second recording, and the virtuoso elements become so many layers to orchestrate the poetic content.
Sherman was in many ways an anti-virtuoso; he devoted much of his time to other interests, including poetry, philosophy and photography. In the late 1950s, instead of becoming a touring concert pianist, he left New York to teach piano at Pomona College in California and the University of Arizona in Tucson.
In 1967, he began a long tenure at the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston, hired by its president at the time, composer Gunther Schuller. Schuller, who founded GM Recordings in 1981, produced a Beethoven album by Sherman, who became the first American pianist to record the complete Beethoven sonatas and piano concertos.
On a GM Recording album, Russell Sherman: Premieres and Commissions, Sherman performed works composed for him in the 1990s by Schuller, Robert Helps, George Perle and Ralph Shapey. His recordings also include works by Debussy and Schoenberg, as well as Frédéric Chopins Mazurkas, the complete Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano Sonatas and Johann Sebastian Bachs English Suites.
Sherman began giving public concerts again in the 1970s. He performed with the New York Philharmonic, the Los Angeles Philharmonic, the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, the Philadelphia Orchestra and the Boston Symphony Orchestra, as well as major European orchestras.
His concerts drew devoted fans who admired his dramatic interpretations. In 2016, critic Jeremy Eichler of The Boston Globe wrote that in works by Schoenberg, Beethoven, Debussy and Liszt, Shermans playing, while still demonstrating a formidable athletic prowess, also conveyed his abiding gifts of fantasy and insight.
His idiosyncrasies were often noted. Reviewing a performance of Liszts Sonata in B minor and two Beethoven sonatas at Carnegie Hall in 1984, Times critic Will Crutchfield wrote: It is possible to feel that he distorts, infuses too much into little, but added that it was better instead to salute in Mr. Shermans concert an antidote to the many that are played week after week in which listeners are lucky if their interest is genuinely caught once or twice in the whole evening.
About two decades later, Allan Kozinn wrote in the Times that Shermans interpretive style, it should be said, is an acquired taste, but that his performances are usually illuminating alternatives to the standard view.
Sherman resented these accusations of eccentricity. I think of myself as a compassionate conservative who responded radically to the score and nothing but the score, he told the Times in 2000. He suggested that listeners who disliked his interpretations lacked imagination.
Russell Sherman was born March 25, 1930, in New York Citys Manhattan borough and lived at the elegant Essex House hotel on Central Park South with his parents and three older brothers. Their neighbors included Rudolf Bing, general manager of the Metropolitan Opera; opera singers Lauritz Melchior and Lily Pons; and pianist Clifford Curzon.
Shermans father, Moses, was a manufacturer of womens raincoats, and his mother, Irene (Schwartz) Sherman, was a homemaker. Russell inherited his fathers love of fashion.
He started piano lessons at age 6. At 11, he joined the studio of Polish-born pianist and composer Eduard Steuermann, who had studied with Schoenberg and Ferruccio Busoni and who encouraged his students to take interpretive risks. This inspired Shermans own ethos that performers should strive for what he called personal wildness and conviction in their interpretations.
He made his concert debut at 15, at Town Hall in Manhattan, and began undergraduate studies at Columbia University the same year. He graduated with a degree in the humanities in 1949 and later studied composition with German composer Erich Itor Kahn.
Sherman married Wha Kyung Byun, a Korean-born former student of his, in 1974; she began teaching at the New England conservatory in 1979. They sometimes celebrated their anniversaries by performing together.
In a phone interview, she recalled soirees at their house, where students would read different roles in William Shakespeare plays. Sherman, a passionate baseball fan, was also an avid photographer with an interest in light, shadows and trees. He often read science books, determined to master concepts he initially found challenging.
While teaching at the New England Conservatory, he was also a visiting professor at Harvard, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and at Juilliard, in New York. He and his wife sometimes taught the same students, such as pianist Minsoo Sohn, who joined the faculty in 2023. Other former students include pianists HaeSun Paik, Christopher Taylor and Christopher ORiley.
In 1996, Sherman published Piano Pieces, a compilation of essays about teaching and performing. Notes may be missed but not casually flubbed, he wrote. Phrases may be askew but not aimlessly drifting. Sonorities may be brazen but not barren. The player has to say something, with verve and style.
In addition to his wife, survivors include his sons Edward and Mark, from his marriage to pianist Natasha Koval, which ended in divorce, and several grandchildren.
I think that musical performances should be free, Sherman once said, and should invite danger, should tell a story, should court the madness of art, should in every way reveal the characteristics and visions of the composers.
Reviewing Shermans performance of Sergei Prokofiev and Beethoven at age 17, the reviewer noted that how individual a pianist he is remains to be seen, but that the searching way he interpreted music boded well.
Sherman never abandoned that spirit of inquiry. According to his wife, when he was interviewed by the Nexus Institute in Amsterdam and asked what he wanted written on his tombstone, he replied: A quest.
This article originally appeared in The New York Times