LIVERPOOL.- Tate Liverpool
presents the first exhibition to survey an unexplored yet significant element of Francis Bacons work. Considered one of Britains greatest modern painters, Bacon (1909 1992) often painted an architectural, ghost like framing device around his subjects that structure many of his iconic paintings. Francis Bacon: Invisible Rooms addresses some of Bacons most powerful works with a renewed focus on their spatial structure.
A technique introduced by the artist in the 1930s, Bacon used a barely visible cubic or elliptic cage around the figures depicted to create his dramatic compositions. The exhibition will feature approximately 35 large-scale paintings and works on paper surveying the variety of Bacons painterly compositions united by this common motif.
Francis Bacon: Invisible Rooms traces the use of this architectural structure throughout his career from early works made in the 1950s including Study for a Portrait 1952 (Tate) and Chimpanzee 1955 (Staatsgalerie Stuttgart). After a short time in the 1960s when the technique was peripheral to his work it comes back to centre stage in the 1970s & 80s. It is at this time that Bacons use of colour turns the earlier suggestion of a room into a more theatrical set, resulting in a finely struck balance between action and empty space demonstrated in Three Figures and Portrait 1975 (Tate). Beyond the cages that recur in Bacons paintings, the exhibition also investigates the crucifix as a bodily architectural structure, the governing rule of several of Bacons major triptychs including Three Studies for Figures at the Base of a Crucifixion c.1944 (Tate).
Taking as a point of departure a seminal essay by Gilles Deleuze, Francis Bacon: The Logic of Sensation 1981, the exhibition highlights the role of Bacons approach to space, which the French philosopher interpreted as one of the defining forces of his works. Bacons imaginary chambers emphasise the isolation of the represented figures and bring attention to their psychological condition; the act of placing the sitters in invisible rooms guides the focus of attention towards the existential concerns of the painting.
While it can be said that architectural structures define an inside and an outside, Bacon mastered the metaphorical, spatial and psychological slipperiness of boundaries; this exploration is among the most important and effective elements at play in his works.
Francis Bacon: Invisible Rooms is organized by Tate Liverpool and Staatsgalerie Stuttgart. The exhibition is curated by Kasia Redzisz, Senior Curator with Lauren Barnes, Assistant Curator at Tate Liverpool. Francis Bacon: Invisible Rooms will tour to Staatsgalerie Stuttgart (7 October 2016 8 January 2017).