This fall, the Minneapolis Institute of Arts
will present the first major exhibition in 50 years to explore the legacy and widespread influence of the revolutionary French painter Eugène Delacroix. Delacroixs Influence: The Rise of Modern Art from Cézanne to van Gogh features 75 seminal paintingsincluding 30 works by Delacroixto reveal the artists indelible impact on French painting and how his radical example led to the rise of modern art. The exhibition also examines Delacroixs role as mentor and archetype during his lifetime and how his work shaped the styles and predilections of many modern artists, including Edgar Degas, Paul Gauguin, Vincent van Gogh, Henri Matisse, Claude Monet, and PierreAuguste Renoir, among others. Organized in partnership with the National Gallery, London, Delacroixs Influence will be on view at the MIA from October 18, 2015, through January 10, 2016, and draws on works from the MIAs robust 19th-century holdings, as well as loans from 45 prestigious public and private collections worldwide.
Eugène Delacroix was the very engine of revolution that helped transform French painting in the 19th century, said Patrick Noon, the MIAs Patrick and Aimee Butler Curator and Chair of Paintings, and organizing curator of the exhibition. Kept at arms length by the Académie des Beaux-Arts, he was an artist who was truly ahead of his time, whose work and critical writings resonated deeply with his peers and helped shape the trajectory of art history. This exhibition will examine Delacroix as the bridgein practice and in theorybetween Anglo-French Romanticism and Impressionism.
Delacroixs Influence demonstrates how Delacroix redefined the possibilities of capturing the unique interplay between light and form, as well as his fascination with optical effects, bold use of color, and passion for the exotic. These innovations subsequently inspired the spontaneity of the Impressionists, the dreamlike allusion of the Symbolists, and the saturated color palette made famous almost a century later by such artists as Renoir and Matisse. Organized according to four thematic sectionsEmulation; Orientalism: Imagined/Experienced/Re-Imagined; Narrative Painting at a Crossroads: Truth in Art; and Delacroixs Legacy: In Paint and Prosethe exhibition features a broad swath of paintings by Delacroix and his admirers, including works by Cézanne, Degas, Gauguin, van Gogh, Kandinsky, Manet, Matisse, Monet, Redon, Renoir, and Signac, among others. Notable works in the exhibition include:
Delacroixs Convulsionists of Tangier (1837-38), widely considered one of the artists foremost masterworks and a cornerstone of the MIAs 19th-century collection. The painting depicts a frenzied scene that Delacroix witnessed during his travels to North Africa in 1832, in which members of the Aïssaouas, a fanatical Muslim sect, crowd the streets. Delacroixs use of vivid colors and vigorous brushstrokes represent the artists signature style and ability to expertly capture the turmoil and urgency of his subject.
Delacroixs Lion Hunt (1861), one of three Lion Hunt paintings Delacroix produced for dealers and private collectors between 1855 and 1861. This final picture differs markedly in its spatial definition from the flat composition of the earlier picturescapturing a greater sense of depth and clearly articulated narrative while also maintaining intense and expressive brushwork.
Édouard Manets Music in the Tuileries Gardens (1862), the artists first major work depicting modern urban life. The painting features a band playing for a fashionable crowd that includes several portraits of Manets friendsthe poet Baudelaire, painter Henri Fantin-Latour, poet and novelist Théophile Gautier, and composer Jacques Offenbachas well as his brother, Eugène, and the artist himself. To capture these portraits, Manet used photographs as his source of imagery, a technique often employed by Delacroix to underscore a distinct contemporary sensibility in his work.
Paul Cézannes Standing Nude (c. 1898), a representation of a nude in an interior setting that evokes the traditional theme of a woman or goddess at her toilet. Although Cézanne frequently depicted female bathers in an outdoor landscape, the artist admired Delacroixs The Morning Toilet (or Woman Combing Her Hair) (1850), which he copied shortly after it was exhibited in the 1885 Delacroix retrospective at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris.
Paul Gauguins Christ in the Garden of Olives (1889), one of several religiously inspired paintings Gauguin created, in which a vulnerable Christ is depicted in isolation prior to his impending martyrdom a pose derived from Delacroixs Christ Shown to the People (1850). The works dark colors and gloomy tonality severely contrast against Christs flaming hair, further emphasizing the sense of alienation in this overt personification of the artist.
Van Goghs Olive Trees (1889), one of 15 canvases of olive trees van Gogh created while housed in the asylum of St-Paul in St-Rémy in southern France. In his correspondence with his brother, van Gogh wrote of the olive tree: Its too beautiful for me to dare paint it or be able to form an idea of it
if you want to compare it to something, [it is] like Delacroix. It was during this period that the artist created many of his most renowned works, and the vibrant yellow and orange hues in this painting suggest it was produced during the autumn.
Odilon Redons Pegasus and the Hydra (1905), one of several depictions of ancient myths showcasing the artists increasing fascination with monster slayers. Influenced by Delacroixs treatment of similar subjectsin this case, his Apollo Slaying Python (1851)Redon conceived this work as a metaphor for the artist as an ostracized genius eventually vanquishing chaos and adversity.
Delacroixs posthumous influence persisted undiminished for nearly five decades and over several generations of avant-garde artists, each of whom, however divergent their own aesthetic programs, discovered something of value in the legendary artists oeuvre and dynamic personality. Impressionists, Post-Impressionists, Neo-Impressionists, Symbolists, and Fauves borrowed Delacroixs ideas as deduced from his varied and accessible painted works and profuse writings.
This exhibition is a cornerstone of our 100th anniversary celebration and highlights one of the things that the MIA does best, creating remarkable, scholarly exhibitions that change how we and our visitors think about an artist, artistic movement, or era, said Kaywin Feldman, the MIAs Duncan and Nivin MacMillan Director and President. MIA founder James J. Hill was the foremost collector of Delacroix works in America during the 19th century, and we look forward to paying homage to his legacy and showcasing the best of our collection as we present a new chapter in our visitors understanding of the vital role Delacroix played in the genesis of modern art.
Delacroixs Influence: The Rise of Modern Art from Cézanne to van Gogh is co-organized with the National Gallery, London, where it will be on view from February 10 through May 15, 2016.