Following a gift from the artists family, the Fitzwilliam Museum
is holding an exhibition on Cambridge born artist Ronald Searle (19202011). Ronald Searle: Obsessed with Drawing shows the versatility, range and meticulous working habits of one of Britains most popular and celebrated graphic satirists. This is being complemented by a concurrent exhibition on caricature in Britain featuring artists such as Hogarth, Gillray and Rowlandson.
Searle was by his own admission obsessed with drawing. He had one of the longest, most productive and wide ranging career of any 20th century caricaturist, working in book and magazine illustration, travel reportage, war reporting, political caricature, theatre, film and medal design. The exhibition explores his incredibly elaborate and painstaking working methods, and displays a selection of his art materials and preparatory documents alongside his cartoons. These include photos he took as reference material; he was so exacting that in each one he noted the camera and lens.
He is best-known as the inventor of the fictional girls school St Trinians (1948) and for his collaborations on Geoffrey Willans Molesworth series (1953-58). However, his work went far beyond these renowned illustrations of unruly schoolchildren and visitors to this exhibition are able to view the fuller range of his remarkable talent.
Since Searle grew up in Cambridge, the exhibition represents something of a homecoming.
Son of a porter on Cambridge railway station, Searle enrolled at Cambridge School of Art (now Anglia Ruskin University) at the age of fourteen and during this time haunted the Cambridge museums, in particular the Fitzwilliam, where he poured over the works of great artists such as Blake, Turner, Gillray and Rowlandson.
His career began at 15 when he started submitting a cartoon a week to the Cambridge Daily News for half a guinea each.
His education was cut short by the outbreak of WW2 and he enlisted in the Royal Engineers. He would be taken as a Prisoner of War and forced to work on the Siam-Burma Death Railway. These experiences would hone his style for the remainder of his life his dark wit and cutting observations on human nature the foundation of his work with many journals including Punch , Le Monde and the New Yorker.
The exhibition is drawn from a recent gift of Searles work, generously presented to the Museum by the artists children in 2014. The range of works shown celebrate his life as a caricaturist and draughtsman. These include cartoons drawn for the Cambridge Daily News as a teenager, the arch-delinquent schoolboy, Nigel Molesworth, his famous cats at once manic, hedonistic and introspective, 1950s drawings of Londoners, bizarre fantasy drawings, and a drawing of one of his fellow soldiers.
Throughout his life Ronald Searle, was fascinated by the long history of caricature, calling it the ancient art of deflation. He designed medals on various caricaturists which were produced by the French mint (some of which will be shown), and even hand-wrote an incredibly detailed timeline of caricature charting artists from the 1630s to the mid-20th century, including Hogarth, Gillray, Rowlandson, Cruikshank and Daumier.
Searle was taken with George Cruikshank's description of his upbringing, cradled in caricature and a companion exhibition at the Fitzwilliam , Cradled in Caricature: visual humour in satirical prints and drawings (13 October 2015 - 31 January 2016), looks at how artists, caricaturists and cartoonists from Hogarth to the present day create visual jokes to make their audiences laugh.
In Searles timeline of caricature, he highlighted the high and low points of its history. In the time of Hogarth, Gillray and Rowlandson he described caricature as a vigorous weapon, whereas he felt it had declined in the 19th century to drawing-room gentility. He was happy to be a part of its recovery during the 20th century, making the final point of his timeline Private Eye.
Making visual jokes is hard and not every artist has the skill. Gillray was sent designs by enthusiastic amateurs, which he would translate into print. Cradled in Caricature focuses on the techniques and tricks that worked, and which still have the power to amuse us today. These methods range from simple exaggeration of facial features, costumes and fashion fads; clever juxtapositions and contrasts of body types; absurd, nonsense comedy; physical, burlesque comedy; dark humour; bawdy humour; and more complicated word-play, with the interplay of word and image or ironic literary allusions. The works are drawn from the Fitzwilliams collection with key loans from Andrew Edmunds and Benjamin Lemer.