LONDON.- The V&A
announced that it has acquired one of the most important examples of modern lighting ever designed in the UK. Purchased with support from the National Heritage Memorial Fund, Art Fund and the V&A Members, this pair of lamps were the joint creation of artist Salvador Dalí (1904-1989) and his most important British patron, Edward James (1907-1984). Each lamp is made from ten oversized brass champagne coupes, one stacked on top of the other, standing on a base in the form of a Victorian papier-mȃchè tray decorated with gold ivy tendrils, berries and leaves. Following the sale of the pair by the Edward James Foundation in 2017, a temporary export stop was placed on the lamps after the buyer applied for a licence to remove them from the UK.
The Champagne Standard Lamps were designed for Jamess Monkton House in West Sussex, which he renovated in the mid-1930s as part of his attempt to create a complete Surrealist house. He was assisted by architects Christopher Kit Nicholson and Hugh Casson, as well as decorator Norris Wakefield. The home artfully combined Jamess taste for Victorian, Edwardian and Surrealist design, and included intentionally shocking Surrealist objects such as this pair of whimsical lights that stand at 160 cm tall. The Champagne Standard Lamps will join the V&As recently acquired Mae West Lips sofa, also designed by Dalí and James for Monkton House. The lights were placed next to the sofa in the Monkton dining room and are on display together in the V&As Twentieth-Century Gallery.
Dalí was the most famous of all Surrealist artists and remains one of the most popular of modern artists today. In 1935, Dalí met a kindred spirit in the British collector and poet Edward James. This led to a deep friendship between James and Dalí, with James becoming a large-scale collector of Dalís work, and the pair embarked on various artistic collaborations. James rapidly became Britains most distinguished supporter of Surrealism and was partly responsible for its international recognition. His collection is one of the largest and most important in the world, although the majority of this has now been sadly dispersed.
Christopher Wilk, Keeper of Furniture, Textiles and Fashion at the V&A, said: These lamps are of outstanding significance to the history of modern design and Surrealist art in Britain and we are delighted that the V&A is acquiring them for public enjoyment.
Sir Peter Luff, Chair of the NHMF, said: The National Heritage Memorial Fund helps secure for the nation our most important and precious heritage at risk of being lost. These exquisite lamps, on the cusp of being sold to an overseas buyer, fit the bill exactly. Designed by the most famous Surrealist of them all, Salvador Dali, they are rare examples of the contribution of British patronage to the twentieth century Surrealism movement. Quite simply, we felt it imperative they should remain here in the UK and the V&A is the perfect home.
Stephen Deuchar, director of Art Fund, said: Dalí and Jamess partnership is a fascinating strand in the history of Surrealism in Britain. Their highly original Champagne Standard Lamps are now reunited with their Mae West Lips Sofa, which we also helped the V&A to acquire earlier this year. Both will feature strongly in the museums Twentieth-Century Gallery, where they can be enjoyed by visitors from around the world.