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Court ruling in Monaco ends one piece of a $2 billion art dispute
Russian billionaire Dmitry Rybolovlev at his penthouse in Monte Carlo, Monaco, Sept. 18, 2018. Benjamin Bechet/The New York Times.

by Graham Bowley



NEW YORK (NYT NEWS SERVICE).- A long-running dispute, between Yves Bouvier, a Swiss businessman who sold $2 billion worth of artworks, and Dmitry Rybolovlev, the Russian billionaire who bought them, took a decisive step in Bouvier’s favor Wednesday when a Monaco court upheld a lower court’s ruling to dismiss the criminal investigation against him because the prosecution of him had been unfair.

The ruling ends the criminal procedures in Monaco against Bouvier, who was arrested following a criminal complaint by Rybolovlev in early 2015. “It is a total and definitive victory in Monaco,” Bouvier said in a statement. “For the last five years, I have been claiming my innocence, and today I have been vindicated by the Monaco courts.”

The messy battle began several years ago when Bouvier helped Rybolovlev buy 38 pieces of world-class art for $2 billion over a period of about 12 years, including works such as “Salvator Mundi,” a depiction of Christ attributed to Leonardo da Vinci. Rybolovlev has said in court papers that he believed Bouvier was acting as his agent and adviser on the transactions, and he paid Bouvier a fee for his services. But he later discovered, he said, that Bouvier had bought many of the items in advance, then flipped them to him at a markup of $1 billion.

Monaco’s Court of Revision upheld the lower court’s decision to toss out the charges of fraud and money laundering, concluding in its ruling Wednesday that “the investigations had been conducted in a biased and unfair manner under conditions which seriously and lastingly compromised the balance between the parties.”

A separate investigation into corruption charges made by Bouvier against Rybolovlev is continuing. That investigation hinges on questions about whether Rybolovlev used lavish perks to enlist Monaco law enforcement officials as allies in his bitter feud with Bouvier.

The two men, both major players in the art world, have been fighting each other in courtrooms around the world from Singapore to Paris, New York and Geneva. In a statement, lawyers for Rybolovlev said, “This outcome has come about for purely procedural reasons and not because of an absence of evidence against Yves Bouvier.”




Bouvier continues to face a separate criminal investigation into charges of fraud in Geneva concerning the sale of the 38 artworks.

Bouvier insists that he was not an agent or adviser and instead, like any art dealer, he was entitled to charge Rybolovlev whatever price he wished for the art he sold to him and that Rybolovlev was prepared to pay.

In an interview, Bouvier said the small percentage fee he charged covered administrative, insurance and shipping costs as well as other services. “With the 2%, I was giving my personal guarantee of the authenticity of the pieces of art,” he said.

He said he had presented himself as a seller of the artwork, rather than an adviser, and that Rybolovlev was aware of the extra markup he earned on top of the fees. “I was a seller and I was selling art,” he said. “I presented myself as a seller.”

He said that in discussions with Rybolovlev’s aides he had often represented himself as being in negotiations with sellers even though he owned the artworks already. He justified this practice as a legitimate business tactic to keep pressure on Rybolovlev to pay the prices he and the Russian billionaire had already come to terms on.

“It’s a tactic to maintain the price we agreed and to ensure that the payment was done quickly,” Bouvier said.

He said he had used his expertise and contacts to help Rybolovlev amass one of the world’s great art collections. At least one of the pieces has since been sold at a profit. “It was part of my business to know what to buy and what the client will love after,” Bouvier said. “It’s not easy.”

2020 The New York Times Company










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