LONDON.- Hauser & Wirth
is presenting Philip Guston. What Endures, an online exhibition that responds directly to our present moment of overwhelming uncertainty by reflecting upon pain, endurance, and, ultimately, hope for the future, through the work of Philip Guston. Featuring works selected by Musa Mayer, the artists daughter and President of The Guston Foundation, the exhibition includes thirteen important paintings made between 1971 and 1976, a time of social and political turmoil in the United States with many parallels to the current state of crisis in America and the world at large.
It was during this period of immense cultural unrest and critical rejection of his new work that Guston, guided solely by his own intuition and determination, pushed forward and committed to creative reinvention, refusing to be defined by adversity. The paintings that came out of this challenging time, including those on view in this presentation, are considered some of the most important works of the 20th century. They bear witness to an artist at the height of his powers, acutely responsive to his world.
Comprised of three virtual viewing rooms that together create a powerful narrative arc, What Endures is a meditation upon the past, present, and the dream of a better future. The exhibition ultimately testifies to the transformative power of art and its ability to uncover the universal truth: love.
In the first section, titled The Solace of the Past, works on view find Guston exploring relics, ruins, and the timelessness of art as sources of inspiration in the present day. His smaller paintings of Roman ruins and gardens from 1971, and the larger Relic (1974), are steeped in nostalgia and a longing for continuity. As Musa Mayer writes, In these fragments, what endures from an earlier time is revealed.
The exhibition continues with The Rising Tide, featuring a series of paintings from 1974 to 1975 that share a common sense of foreboding and encroachment as the sadness of the world threatens to engulf the artists solitary life in his studio. In Afloat (1974), the younger heads of Guston and his wife Musa are half-drowned in a rising red sea. In Head-Legs-Sea (1975), Musas head, still sunken, floats beside upturned legs and shoes. In Lower Level (1975), a solitary figure stands witness as a group of legs are sunk in a pit or a mass grave. A red rain suggests blood. The discarded legs of these two works are clear precursors to the potent leg paintings of 1976 that recall the Holocaust.
In Four Heads (1975), the artist emerges from a state of dread into another symbolic realm, where the marriage of creative minds becomes his subject. The red tide now resembles bedclothes. A painting hangs in the foreground, and the rightmost Musa-head suggests a book, perhaps a reference to her poetry.
The third and final section of the exhibition, Deliverance, is comprised of a single remarkable painting completed by Guson in 1976. In the transcendent Both, (1976), the transformation is complete. Two heads of Musa rise from the horizon. The youthful Musa has yellow hair and upturned eyes, while the gray-haired Musa is half sunk into the blue sea, her brow furrowed. The storm appears to have ended, and the sea and sky are a peaceful blue. In a note found in his desk, dated September 28, 1972, Guston wrote: There is nothing to do now, but paint my life: my dreams, surroundings, predicament, desperation, Musalove, need. Keep destroying any attempt to paint pictures, or think about art.
As Mayer has written, In these strange, evocative, yet intensely personal images, the artist uncovers what is universal. In uncertain times, in the midst of overwhelming circumstance, it is love that endures.
Philip Guston. What Endures is complemented by previously unseen filmed interviews with the artist and archival imagery from his studio.