SAINT IVES.- Tate St Ives
presents a landmark retrospective on the iconic British artist Barbara Hepworth (19031975). Encompassing almost 50 sculptures, as well as rarely seen drawings, paintings and archival materials, Barbara Hepworth: Art & Life celebrates one of the most influential sculptors of the twentieth century and the special significance of St Ives on her work.
Originally staged at The Hepworth Wakefield near the artists birthplace, Tate St Ives has collaborated with the gallery to reimagine the exhibition for the Cornish context in which Hepworth lived and worked. It emphasises how the areas rugged landscape and close-knit artistic community became important sources of inspiration. These local connections are evident in the titles of many key works, such as Curved Form (Trevalgan) 1956 and Sea Form (Porthmeor) 1958, while her engagement with the wider world of international events is explored through works such as Disc with Strings (Moon) 1969, perhaps inspired by advances in space exploration, and Single Form, unveiled at the United Nations in 1964.
Visitors to the exhibition follow Hepworths early artistic journey from her initial studies at Leeds School of Art in 19201 to her travels across Europe, and her subsequent life in London in the 1930s, where she started a family and created works such as Mother and Child 1933. The show explores how, during this time, she moved away from overtly figurative work towards abstraction, though her fascination with the human body would remain evident through much of her later practice.
The exhibition then traces the development of Hepworths work during her early years in St Ives an artistic community she quickly embraced after permanently relocating to the Cornish seaside town at the outbreak of the Second World War. Barbara Hepworth: Art & Life uncovers how the landscapes of West Cornwall captivated her and generated a period of extraordinary creativity, shown through works such as Oval Sculpture (No. 2) 1943 (cast 1958) and Tides II 1946.
The show explores the artists forays into stage design and her interest in the movement of the body, as well as her adoption of bronze to make work in response to the landscape. There is a particular focus on the creation of Hepworths monumental Single Form for the United Nations headquarters in New York, the armature for which was made at her second studio at the Palais de Danse in St Ives.
Barbara Hepworth: Art & Life culminates with a section on the artists interest in space and spirituality, with particular reference to the inspiration she took from her visit to Goonhilly Earth Station on the Lizard, Cornwall. In these works, and many others throughout her career, Hepworth connected the local with the universal, and challenged the boundaries of modern sculpture in ways that continue to reverberate today.
Barbara Hepworth: Art & Life is organised by The Hepworth Wakefield in collaboration with the National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh, and Tate St Ives. The exhibition at Tate St Ives is curated by Eleanor Clayton, Senior Curator, The Hepworth Wakefield, Anne Barlow, Director of Tate St Ives and Giles Jackson, Assistant Curator.