BASEL.- Museum Tinguely
has purchased one of Jean Tinguely's key works from the 1960s: Éloge de la folie, 1966. Tinguely made the work for the ballet of the same name by Roland Petit. The large-scale work is an important addition to the museum's collection and was last shown in Wolfsburg and Basel over 20 years ago. As part of the new permanent exhibition La roue = c'est tout, it will be made accessible to the public again from 7 February onwards.
For the ballet LÉloge de la folie, Tinguely made one of his key contributions to the dramatic arts and one of his most important works of the 1960s. Tinguelys machine, known like the ballet itself as Éloge de la folie, is a flat gear train that acts as a silhouette- and relief-like backdrop. Like his early reliefs méta-mécaniques whose coloured metal parts danced to the rhythm of the rotating wire wheels, now it was large, flat wheels cut out of plywood and painted black that rotated in front of a white curtain lit from the back. A dancer pedalling on a bicycle-like frame drove the gear train via transmission belts and set balls rolling on a slide running across the relief. While referring back to old themes and motives, Tinguely found a new form of expression for this large-scale stage presentation. Lighting from behind evokes a shadow play and gives a feeling of weightlessness, an effect the artist had considered before, as explained in a letter to Pontus Hultén: «Ill put the shadows of the machines to work, too, using three or four cinema projectors.» In many later works, shadow play and its staging became important elements in his artistic concepts. Today, the wheels are driven by an electric motor, the pedalling dancer replaced by a cutout human silhouette.
The choreographer and founder of the 'Ballets des Champs-Élysées, Roland Petit, was inspired by Erasmus of Rotterdams In Praise of Folly to create a contemporary ballet. Erasmuss literary work is a learned discourse, a (timeless) mirror of the times that renders human weaknesses and futile struggles in ironic and exaggerated form. The libretto was written by the author Jean Cau: «It is a eulogy to our life and our world. A eulogy in black-and-white, with a thousand colours and contrasts of violence and tenderness. Noise, sound, and music. Bodies that seek and question one another...» The music was written by composer Marius Constant as a series of structures in concerto form for 19 musicians focusing on solo instruments.
Niki de Saint Phalle, Martial Raysse, and Tinguely were asked to contribute sets for the ballets nine scenes, designing three each. In order of performance, they were: 1. Les Empreintes, 2. La Publicité, 3. Lamour, 4. La Femme au pouvoir, 5. Les Pilules, 6. La Guerre, 7. La Machine, 8. Linterrogatoire and 9. Count Down. Tinguely supplied designs for scenes 1, 7 and 9.
In the film of the performance (also on view within the new permanent exhibition from 8 February onwards) the ballet begins with Tinguelys 'Machine' as the first stage set and ends with his 'Count Down' as the final scene. The premiere of the film took place on 7 March 1966 at the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées in Paris. The positive reviews in the French press were due not least to the specially designed stage sets.
Éloge de la folie was last shown in public over twenty years ago in the exhibition Lésprit de Tinguely at Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg (2000) and then at Museum Tinguely (2000-2001). The work was sold to an important private collection during the time it was shown in Basel and has now been acquired directly from the collectors estate by Museum Tinguely.