NEW YORK, NY.-
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
is presenting a groundbreaking exhibition of some 40 works by Vincent van Gogh (18531890) through August 27, 2023.
Van Gogh's Cypresses is the first show to focus on the unique vision the artist brought to bear on the towering treesamong the most famous in the history of artaffording an unprecedented perspective on a motif virtually synonymous with his fiercely original power of expression. A stunning range of works illuminates the extent of Van Goghs fascination with the regions flamelike evergreens as they successively sparked, fueled, and stoked his imagination over the course of two years in the South of France: from his initial sightings of the tall and dark trees in Arles to realizing their full evocative potential (as I see them) at the asylum in Saint-Rémy. Iconic paintings such as Wheat Field with Cypresses and The Starry Night take their place as the centerpiece of this historic exhibition, which will only be presented at The Met.
The exhibition is made possible by the Iris & B. Gerald Cantor Foundation.
Additional support is provided by the Janice H. Levin Fund, Katharine Rayner, and the Aaron I. Fleischman and Lin Lougheed Fund.
This exhibition is supported by an indemnity from the Federal Council on the Arts and the Humanities.
"The show is a dream come true," said Max Hollein, The Met's Marina Kellen French Director and CEO. "Marking the 170th-anniversary year of Van Goghs birth, this highly focused survey unpacks his distinctive vision of the commanding cypress trees. A once-in-a-lifetime gathering of works presents both an overview and an intimate glimpse of his creative process, challenging prevailing notions with fresh insights."
Juxtaposing landmark paintings with precious drawings and illustrated lettersmany rarely, if ever, lent or exhibited togetherthis tightly conceived thematic exhibition offers an extraordinary opportunity to appreciate anew some of Van Goghs most celebrated works in a context that reveals the backstory of their invention for the first time.
Anchored by The Mets Wheat Field with Cypresses and Cypresses, the exhibition features loans from some 30 public and private collections. Highlights of the exhibition include The Starry Night (The Museum of Modern Art, New York), A Wheatfield, with Cypresses (The National Gallery, London), and Country Road in Provence by Night (Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo), as well as a major group of drawings from the Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam.
Susan Alyson Stein, Engelhard Curator of Nineteenth-Century European Painting at The Met, added: "To an extent that has gone unrecognized, Van Gogh brought his trademark ambition, determination, and a rare degree of considerationand reconsiderationto giving signature form to the storied cypresses in works as striking for their originality as for their continuity of vision."
Van Goghs Cypresses is organized chronologically in three galleries. Thematic groupings and pairings of related paintings and drawings trace the artists progressive exploration of a motif that held its allure for two years, captivating and challenging him in equal measure.
Contrary to prevailing views which have routinely associated Van Gogh's "discovery" of the cypresses with his famed painting campaign of June 1889, the most eye-catching and emblematic fixture of the Provençal countryside immediately struck a chord with the Dutch artist. Not only did the long-living, robust trees carry age-old associations with death, rebirth, and immortality, but, for millennia, they had stood as guardians and protectors of a region impacted by the notoriously fierce mistral winds, resonating with Van Goghs profound appreciation for the enduring and consoling aspects of nature. The exhibitions first section, "The Roots of his Invention: Arles, February 1888May 1889," reveals his initial, inspired response to the cypresses in works dating to the 15 months he spent in Arles. They offer a telling glimpse of the vision he later brought to bear on the gravely majestic trees, foreshadowed in an April 1888 letter to his brother Theo: I need a starry night with cypresses or perhaps above a field of ripe wheat. Featuring his only dated drawing from Arles of March 1888 (an evocative pairing of cypresses and pollard willows reminiscent of his Dutch heritage), the display progresses from drawbridge scenes and blossoming orchards that herald the advent of spring to garden views made to welcome the arrival of artist Paul Gauguin that fall. The ideas and imagery that germinated in these early investigations take root, and gain ground, in his later works.
Shortly after leaving Arles to take refuge at the asylum in Saint-Rémy in June 1889, Van Gogh launched a momentous painting campaign that gave rise to his most iconic images of cypresses, which he revisited in dynamic large-scale drawings. "The Making of a Signature Motif: Saint-Rémy, MaySeptember 1889" provides an unrivalled sense of his most formidable and concerted effort to tackle the tall and massive trees in earnest. His mesmerizing nocturnal scene, The Starry Night, is displayed alongside its daytime counterpart, Wheat Field with Cypresses, for the first time since 1901, when they were part of a large retrospective of the artists works held in Paris. The Mets exuberant plein-air study of the cypresses holding forth over a sun-scorched wheat field is seen, also for the first time since 1901, with the artist's studio rendition of the motif (from The National Gallery, London), and in tandem with the drawing that intervened between the two. The reuniting of these three works presents a unique opportunity to appreciate his enterprising efforts to distill and refine his on-the-spot study from nature into a more "definitive" version in the quiet of his studio. Another exceptional grouping consists of Cypresses, its related drawing, and the thumbnail sketch included in the artists often-quoted letter of June 25, 1889, in which he writes, "The cypresses still preoccupy me
because it astonishes me that no one has yet done them as I see them." This section highlights the unfolding logic and synergy among the landscapes he advanced in quick, confident succession, as he homed in on the cypresses in close-up studies with increasing intensity and verve.
The third gallery, "Branching Out in Style: Saint-Rémy, October 1889May 1890," affords fresh focus on Van Goghs continued preoccupation with cypresses during the final months of his sojourn. This section takes the visitor from the ambition he folded into the interior view of his studiowhich is paired for the first time with the painting he represented on the wallin October 1889, to the inventive studio compositions that brought his work in Provence to a close in May 1890. Featuring the artist's last, and quite varied, plein-air views of the cypress and a disarming group of pictures conjured from imagination ("Reminiscences of the North"), the loans showcase both the extent of his ongoing fascination with the motif and such little-known aspects of his work as his "search for style." This provocative concluding chapter underscores the nature of Van Goghs art as a work in progress, spurred on by his determination and resourcefulness. In merging memories of his native Netherlands with the Provençal landscape and reprising thematic elements introduced at the start of his sojourn, the two final paintings bring his longstanding artistic vision of the cypress motif full circle.
Credits and Related Content
Van Goghs Cypresses is curated by Susan Alyson Stein, Engelhard Curator of Nineteenth-Century European Painting at The Metropolitan Museum of Art.