MADRID.- Galería Elvira González
is presenting the exhibition Esteban Vicente. Works from 1953 to 1996. The show brings together a selection of thirty works developed over the course of four decades and gathers paintings, collages and drawings. This is the gallerys eleventh exhibition dedicated to Esteban Vicente, an artist who is intimately related to Elvira González.
Born in Turégano, Segovia, in 1903, Vicente lived in Paris in the mid-thirties and moved to New York in 1937. In that same year, he had his first solo show in the Kleeman gallery. After a short stay in Puerto Rico, he returned to New York, where he rapidly entered the circle of artists of his generation. In 1950 his work Pink and Grey was included in the exhibition Talent 1950, curated by Clement Greenberg and Meyer Schapiro. From this moment on, he regularly exhibits in New York galleries such as Sidney Janis, Egan, Leo Castelli or André Emmerich. He was also one of the founding members of the New York School, where he taught for 36 years. Vicente died in New York in 2001.
The exhibition presents a retrospective selection of works from different stages of the painter, all produced within the School of New York. Chronologically, the exhibition parts from 1954. At the beginning of this decade, Vicente shared the studio with William de Kooning, who became his interlocutor with the School. While later he would explore the colour field technique, during the 1960s the gesture and the line were decisive for his serene style, never abrupt. During the 70s and 80s Vicente progressively evolved towards a more precise composition, with stronger elements and a great harmony in colour. Chaos and action slowed down, opening the way for a calmer approach in which texture, light and colours govern over structure and composition.
This show introduces, in addition to paintings, a wide selection of his well-known collages. In 1949, as Elizabeth Frank pointed out in her essay Esteban Vicente and the art of collage2, Vicente was invited to spend the summer as a professor at the University of California in Berkeley. It was precisely the challenge of working away from his New York studio that led him to seek alternatives for production and to discover the potential of the collage. Without access to his materials and required space to paint, he began to cut the pages of the Sundays Newspapers colour supplement into strips and to paste them on paper. Experimenting during these months with this accidentally found collage technique, he discovered that he could tackle with it the same problems he had left on hold in his paintings in New York.
Rapidly, Vicente began to get attention for his particular use of this medium. He drenched the surface of the paper with paint water, scratched it with pastel, charcoal, ink or pencil. He was able to suspend its two-dimensional quality and give it an ambiguous softness. So much so that, in 1953 - year in which he began teaching at Black Mountain College along with John Cage and Merce Cunningham - Elaine de Kooning wrote an article in ArtNews to describe in detail his working process, which he titled "Vincent Paints a Collage"3. His initial collages, defined by J.M. Bonet as action collages, were followed by a new stage of austerity, decisive for a good understanding of his work.
The discovery of the possibilities of the collage technique, which he continued to use all his life, radically impacted his process from this moment on. His procedure with painting and collage becomes indissoluble from each other. For Vicente, they offered the same paths of formal and material research. Therefore, it is not possible to make a hierarchical distinction between his pictorial work and his collages.
1 Vicente, E., Painting should be poor, Location Magazine, no. 2. 1964. 68 -71.
2 Frank, E., Esteban Vicente y el arte del collage Esteban Vicente. Collages 1950-1994 [cat. expo]. IVAM CENTRE JULIO GONZÁLEZ. Valencia, Spain, 5 oct 17 dec 1995.
3 De Kooning, E., Vicente Paints a Collage. Art News 52, no. 5. sept 1953.