LONDON.- The Royal Academy of Arts
is presenting Picasso and Paper, the most comprehensive exhibition devoted to Picassos imaginative and original uses of paper ever to be held. Bringing together over 300 works and encompassing Picassos entire prolific 80-year career, this ground-breaking exhibition focuses on the myriad ways in which the artist worked both on and with paper, and offers new insights into his creative spirit and working methods.
One of the most important artists of the 20th century, Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) worked across a range of mediums including painting, sculpture, ceramics and graphic arts. He also invented a universe of art involving paper. His prolonged engagement with the medium grew from the artists deep appreciation of the physical world and his desire to manipulate diverse materials. He drew incessantly, using many different media, including watercolour, pastel and gouache, on a broad range of papers. He assembled collages of cut-and-pasted papers; created sculptures from pieces of torn and burnt paper; produced both documentary photographs and manipulated photographs on paper; and spent decades investigating an array of printmaking techniques on paper supports.
The exhibition has been organised within a broad chronological framework exploring all stages of Picassos career working with paper. Highlights include Women at Their Toilette, winter 1937-38 (Musée national Picasso-Paris) an extraordinary collage of cut and pasted papers measuring 4.5 metres in length, which is being exhibited in the UK for the first time in over 50 years; outstanding Cubist papiers-collés such as Violin, 1912 (Musée national Picasso-Paris); and studies for Les Demoiselles dAvignon, 1907 including Bust of Woman or Sailor (Study for 'Les Demoiselles dAvignon'), 1907 (Musée national Picasso-Paris).
Picassos drawings, including Self-portrait, 1918 (Musée national Picasso-Paris) and Seated Woman (Dora), 1938 (Fondation Beyeler), are being presented throughout the show. These feature alongside key examples of the variety of printing techniques that he explored etching, drypoint, engraving, aquatint, lithograph and linocut such as 'Le Déjeuner sur lherbe' after Manet I, 26 January 13 March 1962 (Musée national Picasso-Paris).
Throughout the exhibition, a sequence of unfolding themes will contextualise the paper works, which are being displayed alongside a select number of closely related paintings and sculptures. For example, Picassos great masterpiece of the Blue Period, La Vie, 1903 (Cleveland Museum of Art), is being displayed with preparatory drawings and other works on paper exploring corresponding themes of poverty, despair and social alienation. Picassos Cubist bronze Head of a Woman (Fernande), 1909 (Musée national Picasso-Paris) is being exhibited together with closely associated drawings. The monumental sculpture of the war years, Man with a Sheep, 1943 (Musée national Picasso-Paris), is being displayed together with a group of large ink and wash drawings that amplify the sculptures emotional resonance.
A focused section within the exhibition examines the materials and techniques used by Picasso over the course of his career. This includes an early woodcut printed by hand using a salad bowl as the block, the collaborative photograms he made with Dora Maar and later with André Villers, as well as experimental graphic works and illustrated books. A display ranging from newspaper and envelopes to antique laid papers with distinctive watermarks will demonstrate the different papers Picasso used, while the astonishing array of ephemera he kept - personal letters and cards decorated with drawings - is also being represented.
The film Le Mystère Picasso of 1955, a remarkable documentary recording Picasso drawing with felt-tip pens on blank newsprint, is being shown alongside original drawings made for the production.
The closing section focuses on Picassos last decade which saw the final flourishing of his work, particularly as a printmaker. Drawings and prints are being shown together with a series of copper plates, as well as Picassos printing press from the period.
The majority of the loans in the exhibition have been generously lent by the Musée national Picasso Paris.