NEW YORK, NY.-
Lars Vilks, an artist and free speech activist whose cartoon depiction of the Prophet Muhammad on the body of a dog in 2007 made him the target of numerous assassination attempts, was killed in a car crash in Sweden on Sunday, police said.
Vilks, who had been under police protection since 2010, was headed toward his home in southern Sweden when the civilian police vehicle he was traveling in veered across the median and collided head-on with a truck, killing Vilks, 75, and his two bodyguards, police said.
The truck driver was taken to a hospital with serious injuries.
We are looking at the possibility that it was a tire explosion, Stefan Sinteus, a regional police official, said during a news conference Monday. There is nothing at this point to indicate that this was an assassination.
Sinteus said the two police officers who were killed in the crash had worked with Vilks for several years.
The accident occurred Sunday afternoon along a four-lane highway in Markaryd, an area about 300 miles southwest of Stockholm.
Many Muslims consider depictions of Muhammad to be blasphemous, and cartoons such as the one by Vilks have prompted widespread backlash over the years. In 2005, a newspaper in Denmark published a caricature of Muhammad wearing a bomb-shaped turban that touched off violent protests by Muslims.
In 2015, Islamic militants stormed the Paris office of satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo, which had reprinted the cartoon, and killed 12 people.
Vilks black-and-white drawing was published by a regional paper in Sweden in 2007 and was condemned by Muslims in the country, as well as by the Organization of the Islamic Conference, an umbrella organization of 57 Muslim-majority countries.
Vilks subsequently received death threats, and a group linked to al-Qaida placed a $100,000 bounty on his head, forcing him to temporarily move to a secret location.
Vilks was threatened repeatedly after the cartoon was published.
In 2010, he was assaulted while giving a lecture on free speech at Uppsala University in Sweden. That year, two brothers were also jailed after trying to burn down his house. In a separate case, a suicide bomber sent messages to several Swedish news organizations singling out Vilks before detonating two explosives in central Stockholm, killing himself.
In 2015, a gunman in Copenhagen attacked a cafe where Vilks was speaking at an event called Art, Blasphemy and Freedom of Expression, killing a filmmaker and wounding three police officers. One of the organizers of the event, Helle Merete Brix, said she believed Vilks had been the intended target, although he was unharmed in the shooting. Police later said they had shot and killed a man they believed was responsible for the attack at the cafe as well as another attack at a synagogue, where one person was killed.
After the attacks, Vilks traveled with armed bodyguards, according to The Associated Press. Its like starting a new life, he said. Everything has changed. I have to understand that I cannot go back home. I have to probably find some other place to live.
Despite offending Muslims and the threats against his life, Vilks said he had no regrets over the cartoon. Im actually not interested in offending the prophet, Vilks told the AP in 2010. The point is actually to show that you can. There is nothing so holy you cant offend it.
This article originally appeared in The New York Times