SAN FRANCISCO, CA.- The San Francisco Museum of Modern Art
announces Diego Riveras America, the most in-depth examination of the artists work in over two decades. Diego Riveras America brings together more than 150 of Riveras paintings, frescoes and drawingsas well as three galleries devoted to large-scale film projections of highly influential murals he created in Mexico and the U.S. On view from July 16, 2022January 2, 2023, the exhibition focuses on his work from the 1920s to the mid-1940s, the richest years of Riveras prolific career. During these two key decades, Rivera created a new vision for North America, informed by his travels in Mexico and the United States.
Rivera was one of the most aesthetically, socially and politically ambitious artists of the 20th century, notes guest curator James Oles. He was deeply concerned with transforming society and shaping identityMexican identity, of course, but also American identity, in the broadest sense of the term. Because of his utopian belief in the power of art to change the world, Rivera is an essential artist to explore anew today, from a contemporary perspective.
Diego Riveras America builds on SFMOMAs collection of over 70 works by Rivera, one of the largest in the world. It also features paintings, drawings and frescoes borrowed from public and private collections in Mexico, the U.S. and the U.K., reuniting many for the first time since the artists death. Iconic and much-loved works, such as The Corn Grinder (1926), Dance in Tehuantepec (1928), Flower Carrier (1935) and Portrait of Lupe Marín (1938), will be shown alongside paintings that have not been seen publicly since leaving the artists studio.
The exhibition is the first to examine Riveras work thematically, with galleries dedicated to places like Tehuantepec and Manhattan that captured his imagination, and to his favorite subjects, such as street markets, popular celebrations and images of industry. It begins with Riveras first mural commission, Creation (192223), a project thatlike much of his worklooks to past artistic traditions while also embracing avant-garde strategies. In the 1920s, working mainly in Mexico, Rivera established his mature style, distinguished by rounded forms, intense colors, and increasingly dense compositions. He cemented an interest in allegory, popular culture, family, labor, and the proletarian revolution, themes that would be central to his famous murals in San Francisco, Detroit and New York of the early 1930s, and that would resonate in his paintings and drawings through the 1940s.
The culmination of the exhibition is Riveras last U.S. mural, a colossal work measuring 22 feet high by 74 feet wide, painted for the Golden Gate International Exposition in San Francisco in 1940. The Marriage of the Artistic Expression of the North and of the South on the Continentcommonly known as Pan American Unityis free to all visitors to view in SFMOMAs Roberts Family Gallery. This 10-panel portable fresco, on loan from City College of San Francisco until 2024, explores his vision of a shared history and future for Mexico and the U.S.
Exhibition Highlights & Themes
Diego Rivera (Mexican, 18861957) believed in the power of art to educate, inspire action and transform society. He considered art an essential weapon in the utopian struggle for greater social equality and justice. Paintings such as The Tortilla Maker (1926) and Weaving (1936) illuminate Riveras desire to focus on everyday people as the protagonists of national narratives. From the early 1920s to the mid-1940s, he reimagined Mexican national identity on a vast scale, embraced the industrial age in the U.S. and conceived of a greater America in which unity, rather than division, was paramount.
Riveras idea of America was hemispheric and transnational, and did not refer only to the United States, as he stated in 1931: I mean by America, the territory included between the two ice barriers of the two poles. A fig for your barriers of wire and frontier guards. Above all he believed that the U.S. and Mexico shared a similar historical foundation in which a rich Indigenous past had been suppressed by colonial violence. He also believed the countries shared a creative force and revolutionary impulse that distinguished them from Europe. Diego Riveras America invites audiences to reflect on the shared histories and challenges that connect us across political borders.
The exhibition proposes new interpretations of some of Riveras most famous paintings, including Flower Seller (1926), on loan from the Honolulu Museum of Art, and a 1938 surrealist landscape from the collection of the Brooklyn Museum of Art. A suite of his humorous designs for the modernist ballet H.P. (Horsepower), on loan from The Museum of Modern Art, New York, will be presented together along with the first recreations of Riveras costumes from the ballet since 1932. The presentation also unveils paintings lost to scholars or never exhibited before, among them a stunning double portrait commissioned by the mother of Jane and Peter Fonda in 1941.
The galleries devoted to Riveras U.S. murals feature large-scale preliminary sketches and cartoons for works such as his censored Rockefeller Center project of 1933, as well as two fresco panels painted in New York. His timely invitation to return to San Francisco in 1940 to paint a large mural in front of a live audience at the Golden Gate International Exposition on Treasure Island allowed him the ideal opportunity to envision a collective American response to a world collapsing again into war.
Diego Rivera in San Francisco
San Francisco was particularly important to Rivera; it was the first place he painted murals in the U.S. Likewise, his work was deeply influential to artists and muralists across the Bay Area. Through their work, Rivera and his wife Frida Kahlo became deeply connected to local cultural figures. San Francisco was also where Rivera and Kahlo remarried in 1940, after their brief divorce. The exhibition will present portraits of their wide circle of friends in San Francisco, including three important paintings by Frida Kahlo.
Diego Riveras America features two galleries dedicated to Riveras San Francisco projects, with preparatory drawings for two murals from 193031: Allegory of California and The Making of a Fresco Showing the Building of a City. The exhibition will also incorporate Riveras portable fresco Still Life and Blossoming Almond Trees (1931), originally painted for a private home and now in the collection of the University of California, Berkeley. Brought together for the first time, these works provide unparalleled insight into Riveras time in San Francisco and highlight the artists role in helping to establish a legacy of politically engaged muralism that remains an indelible part of the citys identity and built environment.
Diego Riveras America spotlights paintings that depict life in Mexico and in the U.S. and concludes with the vast Pan American Unity fresco that unites both countries. Riveras work invites us to consider the past while also asserting the power of art to envision solutions to cultural, economic and political challenges and shape the present.