NEW YORK, NY.-
Jerry Lee Lewis, the hard-driving rockabilly artist whose pounding boogie-woogie piano and bluesy, country-influenced vocals helped define the sound of rock n roll on hits such as Whole Lotta Shakin Goin On and Great Balls of Fire, and whose incendiary performing style expressed the essence of rock rebellion, died Friday at his home in DeSoto County, Mississippi, south of Memphis, Tennessee. He was 87.
His death was announced by his publicist, Zach Farnum. No cause was given, but Lewis had been in poor health for some time.
Lewis was 21 in November 1956 when he walked into Sun Studio in Memphis and, presenting himself as a country singer who could play a mean piano, demanded an audition.
His timing was impeccable. Sun Records had sold Elvis Presleys contract to RCA Records a year earlier, and it badly needed a new star to headline a roster that included Carl Perkins, Johnny Cash and Roy Orbison.
Lewis more than filled the bill. His first record, a juiced-up rendition of the Ray Price hit Crazy Arms, was a regional success. With Whole Lotta Shakin Goin On, released in April 1957, he gave Sun the breakout hit it was looking for.
Although initially banned by many radio stations for being too suggestive, Whole Lotta Shakin Goin On reached a nationwide audience after Lewis performed it on The Steve Allen Show. It rose to No. 3 on the pop charts and sold about 6 million copies worldwide, making it one of the biggest hits of the early rock n roll era.
Overnight, Lewis entered into direct competition with Presley. As Lewis saw it, there was no contest.
Theres a difference between a phenomenon and a stylist, he told record-collector magazine Goldmine in 1981. Im a stylist, Elvis was the phenomenon, and dont you forget it.
In November 1957, Sun released Great Balls of Fire, a high-octane sexual anthem written by Otis Blackwell, whose other songs included the Presley hits All Shook Up and Dont Be Cruel.
The song again featured Lewis distinctive barrelhouse piano style, with the left hand insistently beating the keys and the right executing rippling glissandos, while he gave a leering swoop to lines such as Kiss me, baby mmmm, feels good. The record reached No. 2 on the pop charts, selling more than 5 million copies in the United States alone.
His scorching performing style suited his material. Lewis, sometimes called by his childhood nickname the Killer, discovered that audiences loved it when he kicked his piano bench aside and attacked the keyboard standing up. Possessed by the Devils music, as he called it, he writhed and howled, raked the keyboard with his right foot and tossed his wavy blond hair until it looked like a fright wig.
Nobody had a more creative approach to the music or a more incendiary approach to performing it, Peter Guralnick, author of the definitive two-volume Presley biography, said in an interview for this obituary. He had the ability to put his stamp on every kind of material he recorded.
But Lewis fell as quickly as he had risen. In 1958, as his third hit, Breathless, rose to No. 2, he embarked on what was meant to be a triumphal tour of Britain. Reporters discovered that the young girl traveling with him, Myra Gale Brown, was his 13-year-old bride and his cousin and that Lewis had still been married to his second wife when he recited the vows for his third marriage.
Asked by reporters if 13 wasnt a little young to be married, Myra Lewis said, Oh, no, not at all. Age doesnt matter back home. You can marry at 10 if you can find a husband.
The revelations caused a scandal on both sides of the Atlantic. Lewis cut his tour short and returned to the United States, where he quickly discovered that his career as a rock star was over. His recording of High School Confidential, from the movie of the same name, eventually came out Sun feared to release it after the scandal broke and reached No. 21. But his subsequent records failed miserably.
Sun, which Lewis would leave in 1963, was reluctant to promote him. Many radio stations refused to play his music. Concert dates dried up. Lewis seemed mystified by the response. I plumb married the girl, didnt I? he said to one reporter.
A New Path
Reduced to performing in small clubs for a few hundred dollars a night, Lewis found redemption in country music. At Smash Records, which signed him in 1963, a string of failures led producers to suggest that he return to his roots and record some purely country songs.
It was a natural fit. Both of his biggest rock n roll hits had topped the country charts, and his soaring, resonant voice, in the vein of Jimmie Rodgers and Hank Williams, lent itself equally to up-tempo honky-tonk numbers and cry-in-your-beer laments.
His first country release, Another Place, Another Time, reached No. 4 on the Billboard country chart in 1968, and he scored Top 10 country hits that year with Whats Made Milwaukee Famous (Has Made a Loser Out of Me), She Still Comes Around (to Love Whats Left of Me) and To Make Love Sweeter for You.
His hot streak continued into the 1970s. He would eventually record nearly two dozen Top 10 country singles, ending with 39 and Holding in 1981, and nearly as many Top 10 country albums. He even managed to creep onto the pop charts in 1972 with a recording of the Kris Kristofferson song Me and Bobby McGee and a cover version of the Big Bopper hit Chantilly Lace.
Years of heavy drinking and drug abuse began to take their toll, however, and his life for much of the 1970s and 80s was a sad catalog of family catastrophes, health crises and run-ins with the IRS and police.
His troubled son Jerry Lee Jr. died in a car crash in 1973.
In September 1976, while watching television at his wifes house, Lewis accidentally shot his bass player, Norman Owens, in the chest with a .357 Magnum handgun after announcing, Im going to shoot that Coca-Cola bottle over there or my name aint Jerry Lee Lewis. Owens survived and filed a lawsuit.
Two months later, Lewis drove his Lincoln Continental into the front gates of Graceland, Presleys mansion in Memphis, just hours after being arrested and jailed on a drunken-driving charge. A guard later told police that Lewis, waving a pistol, had demanded to see Presley and refused to leave.
Repeat visits to hospitals and rehabilitation centers ensued. Internal bleeding from a tear in his stomach lining almost killed him in 1981.
His fourth wife, Jaren Pate, drowned in a friends swimming pool in 1982. His fifth wife, Shawn Michelle Stephens, died after taking an overdose of methadone in 1983.
In 1985, after doctors removed half his stomach to correct a bleeding ulcer, Lewis slowly began to settle down.
His marriage to Kerrie McCarver ended in divorce in 2004.
He is survived by his wife, Judith Coghlan Lewis; his children, Jerry Lee Lewis III, Ronnie Lewis, Phoebe Lewis and Lori Lancaster; his sister, Linda Gail Lewis, who is also a singer and pianist; and many grandchildren.
Myra Lewis book Great Balls of Fire: The Uncensored Story of Jerry Lee Lewis, published in 1982, inspired the 1989 film Great Balls of Fire! with Dennis Quaid playing Lewis. The film and book, as well as Nick Tosches biography Hellfire: The Jerry Lee Lewis Story, also published in 1982, contributed to a renewed interest in the singer. (Jerry Lee Lewis: His Own Story, by Rick Bragg, was published in 2014.)
His recordings were repackaged by Rhino Records in Jerry Lee Lewis: 18 Original Sun Greatest Hits and The Jerry Lewis Anthology: All Killer No Filler!, a compilation of 42 of his rock and country hits. German company Bear Family reissued virtually every note he recorded for Sun and Smash in the boxed sets Classic Jerry Lee Lewis: The Definitive Edition of His Sun Recordings and Jerry Lee Lewis: The Locust Years.
Sure Yet Wild
Jerry Lee Lewis was born Sept. 29, 1935, in Ferriday, Louisiana, to Elmo Lewis, a carpenter, and Mamie (Herron) Lewis. When he was a boy, he and two of his cousins future evangelist Jimmy Swaggart and future country singer Mickey Gilley (who died this year) liked to sneak into a local dance hall, Haneys Big House, to hear top blues acts perform.
Jerry Lee Lewis showed an aptitude for the piano, and his father borrowed money to buy him one. The more he practiced, the surer the left hand and wilder the right hand became, Tosches wrote in Hellfire.
At 14, he was invited to sit in with a band performing at a local Ford dealership, which was celebrating the arrival of the 1950 models. He played Drinkin Wine Spo-Dee-O-Dee the tune, a hit for Sticks McGhee in 1949, would be a minor pop hit for Lewis in 1973 and took home nearly $15 when someone passed the hat.
He soon became a regular at clubs in Natchez, just across the Mississippi River, and on the radio station KWKH in Shreveport, Louisiana. His deeply worried mother, a Pentecostal Christian, enrolled him in the Southwestern Bible Institute in Waxahachie, Texas.
I didnt graduate, he told The New York Times in 2006. I was kind of quit-uated. I was asked to leave for playing My God Is Real boogie-woogie style, rock n roll style. I figured thats the way it needed to be played.
After selling sewing machines door to door, Lewis tried his luck in Nashville, Tennessee, without success. I remember it very well, he told Colin Escott and Martin Hawkins, authors of Sun Records: The Brief History of the Legendary Record Label (1980). I was turned down by every label in town.
A hardscrabble life on the road ensued. My father would load that old piano onto the back of his truck, wed drive somewhere, unload it, Id give a show, wed pass the hat, hed load it back on again, and wed go home and see what wed got, he said.
In desperation, he and his father sold 33 dozen eggs and, with the proceeds, headed for the studios of Sun Records. Initially, he planned to sing country music, but producer Jack Clement urged him to try rock n roll. The label on his first single billed him as Jerry Lee Lewis With His Pumping Piano.
The Sun period was brief but eventful. After cutting his first record, Lewis worked as a studio musician for the label.
He was in the studio Dec. 4, 1956, when Presley dropped by for a friendly visit, sat down at the piano and began singing rhythm-and-blues songs and hymns with Cash, Perkins and Lewis in an informal session later released as the album Million Dollar Quartet. The session inspired a popular musical of the same name, by Floyd Mutrux and Escott, which opened on Broadway in 2010, ran for a year and then played off-Broadway for another year.
With the success of Whole Lotta Shakin Goin On, Lewis performance fee rose to $10,000 from $50 in a matter of months. He was invited on American Bandstand and appeared in Jamboree, a 1957 rock n roll film that also featured performances by Frankie Avalon, Fats Domino, Perkins and others.
Later in his career, despite his success as a country singer, Lewis sometimes confessed to hankering after the old rock n roll days. You know, if I could just find another like Whole Lotta Shakin, he told Guralnick in a 1971 interview. Some records just got that certain something. But I aint gonna find another. Just like I was born once into this world and I aint gonna be born again.
In 2019, he suffered a serious stroke that left him unable to play the piano. A year later, however, he recorded an album of gospel songs in Nashville and, during the session, found that his right hand had begun moving, allowing him to pound the keys. (That album has yet to be released.)
Before then, he had been recording sporadically, often with younger artists eager to work with one of rock n rolls founding fathers. On albums such as Last Man Standing (2006), Mean Old Man (2010) and Rock & Roll Time (2014), he performed with the likes of Mick Jagger, Keith Richards, Eric Clapton, Willie Nelson, Jimmy Page, Neil Young and Kid Rock.
The idea that the greatest names in rock should come to him struck him as perfectly natural. Im the only one left whos worth a damn, he told Goldmine in 1981. Everyone else is dead or gone. Only the Killer rocks on.
In 2022 36 years after he was one of the first inductees in the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame Lewis was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame. He was too ill to attend the ceremony, and Kristofferson accepted the award in his stead and presented it to him at his home.
In a statement the day his induction was announced, Lewis said, To be recognized by country music with their highest honor is a humbling experience. He added, I am appreciative of all those who have recognized that Jerry Lee Lewis music is country music and to our almighty God for his never-ending redeeming grace.
This article originally appeared in The New York Times