This fall, the UC Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive
presents a major installation by Kader Attia, the internationally renowned artist whose work explores histories of trauma and postcolonialism. His wide-ranging practice encompasses large-scale installations, sculpture, videos, photographs, and collages. Kader Attia / MATRIX 274 centers on Attias important installation, Jaccuse (2016)a series of sculptures depicting the faces of disfigured World War I veterans. Opening at BAMPFA on September 18, the presentation of Jaccuse marks the latest installment BAMPFAs MATRIX Program, an exhibition series that highlights distinctive and important voices in contemporary art.
Making its West Coast premiere at BAMPFA, Jaccuse is a poignant, ambitious work by Attia that explores one of his most central subjectsthat of repair. The installation consists of seventeen wooden busts that are based on photographs of World War I veterans who suffered severe facial injuries and subsequently underwent plastic surgery. The sculptures are positioned opposite a projected excerpt from French director Abel Gances iconic antiwar film Jaccuse (1938). The title of the installation references both Gances film and Émile Zolas Jaccuse! from 1898, an open letter to the president of France in defense of Alfred Dreyfus, a Jewish officer falsely imprisoned for espionage as a result of an anti-Semitic conspiracy within the French army.
Jaccuse highlights longstanding themes in Attias practice, uniting the artists studies of postcolonial histories with his deep attention to the concept of repair that he has been working on for the last decade, as it relates to the trauma of war. A French-Algerian artist who lives in Algiers, Berlin, and Paris, Attia often references through his work the forces of destruction and reconfiguration that emerge during wartimea metaphor powerfully evoked in the expressive faces of his subjects in Jaccuse. The photographs that inspired these sculptures were exhibited in Attias installed slide show Open your eyes (2010), where they were displayed alongside African masks that had been broken or repaired. Attia, who lived in Central Africa during the 1990s, created the sculptures in Jaccuse with the assistance of three Senegalese craftsmen, and he has cited African mask-making traditions as an influence on the work.
The juxtaposition of the sculptures in Jaccuse with the excerpt from Gances eponymous film underscores the installations antiwar themes. The passage chosen for the exhibition features onscreen appearances by actual wounded veterans of the Battle of Verdunknown in French as les gueules cassées (broken faces)who were cast by Gance as ghosts summoned by the films protagonist to warn the living about the horrors of war. In Attias installation, the mutilated faces of his subjects are directed toward the disfigured soldiers onscreen, a double mirroring effect that invites viewers to reflect on the complex connections between art, war, and historical witness.
Were thrilled to mount Kader Attias first solo exhibition on the West Coast with this presentation of Jaccuse, a work that applies Kaders characteristic thoughtfulness and sensitivity to the effects of colonialism and the atrocities of war, said Apsara DiQuinzio, BAMPFAs senior curator of modern and contemporary art and Phyllis C. Wattis MATRIX Curator. At a time when conflict and dislocation are once again reshaping our world, his work provides a vital perspective on the historical and moral dimensions of global conflict.
For more than two decades, Kader Attia has focused on the materiality of wounds and scars in the aftermath of colonization, migration, violence, and loss, and on the immaterial riftsexpressed as madness, possession, and phantoms demanding to be heardthat haunt the lives of individuals and collectivities, said Stefania Pandolfo, professor of Anthropology at UC Berkeley, who co-curated the exhibition with DiQuinzio. His artistic practice seeks to rebuild these broken links, inviting the viewer to engage in a relationship with the lost and the unknown.
Attia will join Pandolfo in conversation on Wednesday, September 18 at 6 p.m. to discuss Attias approach to the concept of repair and healing after physical and psychological injury, particularly in a postcolonial context. In addition, a workshop entitled Tarrying with the Irreparable will take place on Friday, September 20 at UC Berkeley, with the artist and in association with the The Townsend Center for the Humanities, The International Consortium of Critical Theory, The Program in Critical Theory at UC Berkeley, the Arts Research Center at UC Berkeley, The Center for Middle Eastern Studies, The Anthropology Department, and The Art History Department; the program will reflect on the colonial and postcolonial, the transmission of culture, possession, the ghostly, and repair as an art of tarrying with the irreparable. Additional information about the workshop will be announced soon.
Kader Attia was born in Dugny, France, in 1970, and grew up between Garges-lès-Gonesse, in the Parisian suburbs, and Algeria, where his family is originally from. He received degrees from the École supérieure des arts appliqués Duperré, Paris, in 1993; the Escola Massana Centre dArt i Disseny, Barcelona, in 1994; and École nationale supérieure des Arts Décoratifs, Paris, in 1998. Attias work has been featured in solo exhibitions at major institutions such as the Hayward Gallery, London; the Museum of Contemporary Art Australia, Sydney; the Power Plant, Toronto; the Centre Pompidou, Paris; the Beirut Art Center; and the Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston. His work has been included in group exhibitions at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Kunsthalle Wien, Vienna; the Museum of Modern Art, New York; the 12th Gwangju Biennial in South Korea; Manifesta 12 in Palermo, Italy; the 57th Venice Biennale; and dOCUMENTA(13) in Kassel, Germany. Attia has participated in residencies at Artpace San Antonio and the Banff Centre for Arts and Creativity. In 2016 he received the Prix Marcel Duchamp, and in 2017 the Joan Miró Prize and the Yanghyun Art Prize. He is the founder of La Colonie in Paris, a space for discussion and exchange around concepts and practices of decolonization. Attia lives and works in Berlin, Paris, and Algiers, and is represented by Lehmann Maupin, New York; Galerie Nagel Draxler, Berlin; and Regen Projects, Los Angeles.